Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiii

Introduction

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pp. xv-xxi

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Chapter 1 The World of Liu Zhi

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pp. 1-25

The multifaceted nature of Islam in China invites us to view it with an adjustable lens, sometimes focusing widely over a span of centuries and across vast geography, sometimes requiring a narrower scope to view particular circumstances of time and place. Our overview...

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Chapter 2 Chinese Muslim Tradition And Liu Zhi’s Legacy

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pp. 26-55

With the formation and spread of the Jingtang Jiaoyu educational reforms came the demand for texts to fill out the new curriculum. Previously, the founder of the nascent education system, Hu Dengzhou, had been driven by the scarcity of texts to venture away from his hometown, and eventually outside China, in search of Islamic knowledge. Specifically, ...

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Chapter 3 Liu Zhi’s Concepts And Terminology

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pp. 56-92

It is difficult to single out a particular work by Liu Zhi to the exclusion of the others, for Liu Zhi expected his readers to have read his other writings. Chinese Muslim intellectual readers would likely have been familiar with other Han Kitāb texts. These, of course, included the original writings of Liu Zhi's predecessors, Wang Daiyu and Ma Zhu, and..

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Chapter 4 Ritual As An Expression of Chinese-Islamic Simultaneity

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pp. 93-114

Liu Zhi viewed his three most famous works, the "Tianfang trilogy," as operating together to present a comprehensive, systematic, and holistic view of Islam. So while each of the books can stand on its own, the discourse that runs through them must be viewed as progressive, enabling one to cross-reference the earlier texts in the later ones. The overlapping...

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Chapter 5 The Spirit of Ritual And The Letter of The Law

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pp. 115-154

That the Tianfang dianli is predominantly concerned with what may be termed Islamic orthopraxy is clear: sixteen of the twenty juan into which Liu Zhi divided his work are devoted to ritual law and other matters of practical performance. Liu Zhi's emphasis on ritual in the Tianfang dianli is a reflection of the importance attached by the Islamic tradition to correct...

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Chapter 6 Allah’s Chinese Name

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pp. 155-179

The Tianfang dianli is arguably the most syncretic of Liu Zhi's writings. Because it was the only Han Kitāb book dedicated to ritual law, Liu Zhi found in its subject matter a theme especially conducive to his aim of presenting Islam as a Teaching consistent with the fundamental values of Confucian culture and ideology. By focusing...

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Chapter 7 Conclusion

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pp. 180-184

Liu Zhi did not universally convince the Confucian literati establishment of the truth of Islam, yet his efforts were successful in achieving expressed goals. We must not get sidetracked and bogged down by questions of "successful" versus "unsuccessful" assimilation or syncretism, as if there were some objective criteria by which to gauge such things. We should...

Notes

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pp. 185-224

Bibliography

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pp. 225-236

Index

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pp. 237-248