In this Book

The Roman Inquisition
buy this book Buy This Book in Print
summary

While the Spanish Inquisition has laid the greatest claim to both scholarly attention and the popular imagination, the Roman Inquisition, established in 1542 and a key instrument of papal authority, was more powerful, important, and long-lived. Founded by Paul III and originally aimed to eradicate Protestant heresy, it followed medieval antecedents but went beyond them by becoming a highly articulated centralized organ directly dependent on the pope. By the late sixteenth century the Roman Inquisition had developed its own distinctive procedures, legal process, and personnel, the congregation of cardinals and a professional staff. Its legal process grew out of the technique of inquisitio formulated by Innocent III in the early thirteenth century, it became the most precocious papal bureaucracy on the road to the first "absolutist" state.

As Thomas F. Mayer demonstrates, the Inquisition underwent constant modification as it expanded. The new institution modeled its case management and other procedures on those of another medieval ancestor, the Roman supreme court, the Rota. With unparalleled attention to archival sources and detail, Mayer portrays a highly articulated corporate bureaucracy with the pope at its head. He profiles the Cardinal Inquisitors, including those who would play a major role in Galileo's trials, and details their social and geographical origins, their education, economic status, earlier careers in the Church, and networks of patronage. At the point this study ends, circa 1640, Pope Urban VIII had made the Roman Inquisition his personal instrument and dominated it to a degree none of his predecessors had approached.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-3
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Title Page
  2. pp. 4-4
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Copyright Page
  2. pp. 5-5
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. 6-7
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-8
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Chapter 1: The Roman Inquisition’s Operations
  2. pp. 9-37
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Chapter 2: The Sacred Congregation: Inquisitors Before 1623
  2. pp. 38-75
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Chapter 3: The Sacred Congregation Under Urban VIII
  2. pp. 76-109
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Chapter 4: The Professional Staff
  2. pp. 110-154
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Chapter 5: Inquisition Procedure: The Holy Office’s Use of Inquisitio
  2. pp. 155-205
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 206-216
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Appendix
  2. pp. 217-226
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. 227-230
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Notes
  2. pp. 231-358
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 359-366
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Index
  2. pp. 367-382
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 383-386
  3. restricted access Download |
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.