Cover

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Title

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pp. iii-iii

Copyright

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pp. iv-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

Many, perhaps most, adults today who were born and educated in advanced industrial societies grew up with a picture of the world that seemed commonsensical and oft en comforting. For them, the world’s territory was divided up among sovereign states, each with its own unique, generally stable body ...

I. WAR, SOVEREIGNTY, AND PLURAL CITIZENSHIPS

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Chapter 1. Sovereignty Out of Joint

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pp. 15-34

Consensus indicates that we are seeing a crisis of authority as we have understood it in the modern era. Th e modern territorial nation- state’s writ is challenged by global integration on the one hand and subnational fragmentation on the other. To situate these concerns within a broader historical trajectory, I ask two ...

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Chapter 2. War, Rights, and Contention: Lasswell v. Tilly

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pp. 35-57

As war clouds gathered over Eu rope and Asia in the early 1940s, Harold Lasswell feared the coming of a garrison state, “a world in which the specialists on violence are the most powerful group in society.” Lasswell worried that as state power expanded to prepare for and fight wars, technology tied to militarism ...

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Chapter 3. Subcontracting Sovereignty: The Afterlife of Proxy War

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pp. 58-74

In his stirring manifesto Good Muslim, Bad Muslim, Mahmood Mamdani suggests that U.S. proxy wars in Asia, Africa, and Latin America have changed the global political landscape.1 By arming ethnic, religious, and political splinter groups as so- called counterinsurgents, and giving them the job of deposing ...

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Chapter 4. In Conflict: Sovereignty, Identity, Counterinsurgency

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pp. 75-94

What is the place of an essay on counterinsurgency in a volume on sovereignty and multiple citizenships? The question seems an apt one to begin with, for it could be argued that counterinsurgency is a strategy of war— increasingly the preferred strategy of the war on terror, from the 2007 Iraq surge ...

II. IMMIGRATION, SOVEREIGNTY, AND PLURAL CITIZENSHIPS

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Chapter 5. Citizen Terrorists and the Challenges of Plural Citizenship

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pp. 97-110

Americans commonly think of terrorists as foreigners, typically from the Mideast or “Afpak” region. Probability, not xenophobia, underlies this belief, given the background of most known terrorists and the hundreds of millions of people around the world who despise America’s liberal culture, its sturdy ...

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Chapter 6. Immigration, Causality, and Complicity

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pp. 111-123

Political philosophy has at last begun to take immigration seriously. Aft er a long period during which most phi los o phers wrote as if no one ever joined a state except through birth, nor left a state except via death, we have begun to examine the morality of restrictions on immigration. We have, accordingly, begun ...

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Chapter 7. The Missing Link: Rootedness as a Basis for Membership

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pp. 124-146

At the heart of contemporary immigration debates lies a fundamental tension between the competing visions of “a nation of laws” and that of “a nation of immigrants.” This is particularly evident in the American context.1 The nation- of- laws camp maintains that people who have breached the country’s immigration ...

III. ON COSMOPOLITAN ALTERNATIVES

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Chapter 8. World Government Is Here!

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pp. 149-164

World government has long been the great bogeyman of international political theorizing. It spooked Immanuel Kant. At one point in his essay Perpetual Peace he speaks of it as a “soulless despotism” that would threaten to “choke the seeds of good.”1 It has similarly spooked generations of writers ever since. But what ...

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Chapter 9. If You Need a Friend, Don’t Call a Cosmopolitan

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pp. 166-188

As a political doctrine, cosmopolitanism seems to have two distinct roots. One is dedication to equality. As David Held has put it, “the first principle” of cosmopolitan morality “is that the ultimate units of moral concern are individual human beings, not states or other particular forms of human ...

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Chapter 10. The Physico-Material Bases of Cosmopolitanism

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pp. 189-210

As children of globalization who are accustomed to celebrating the virtues of deterritorialized flows, we sometimes forget why in the history of the Western world, a territorially bounded form, the polis, emerged as the norm for the political organization of collective life. In Hannah Arendt’s admittedly ...

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Chapter 11. Citizens of the Earth: Indigenous Cosmopolitanism and the Governance of the Prior

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pp. 211-226

What is it to be a citizen of the earth? What social imaginaries animate cosmopolitan citizenship— the desire to situate political belonging in a global context, from the perspective of the earth, a restricted cosmos to be sure, but one that could be expanded infinitely as new earths were found in far ...

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Chapter 12. The Idea of Global Citizenship

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pp. 227-243

The idea of global, or world, citizenship is a very old one, but it has recently come back into fashion. To avoid a possible source of confusion right away, it is not equivalent to the idea of global, or world, government. If some form of global government were to be created, then perhaps it would have global citizens ...

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Chapter 13. Why Does the State Matter Morally? Po liti cal Obligation and Particularity

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pp. 244-264

Most of us think the fact that we belong to a particular state matters morally: it makes a difference to what we ought to do.1 Consider four ways we take the state to matter: 1. Duties to obey the law: In most places in the United States, I ought not operate a motor vehicle with a blood- alcohol content above 0.08 percent. But ...

List of Contributors

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pp. 265-267

Notes

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pp. 269-317

Index

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pp. 319-339