Cover

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Title Page and Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-16

The need to defend diversity came naturally and appropriately to the gates of the University of Michigan on October 14, 1997, when the papers for Grutter v. Bollinger were served, challenging affirmative action in undergraduate admissions. A second suit, Grutter v. Bollinger, was filed December 3, 1997, ...

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Why History Remains a Factor in the Search for Racial Equality

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pp. 17-60

The conversation began innocently enough. “So how do you think of yourself?” we asked. A light-skinned child of six, the product of an interracial marriage, she without hesitation responded, “I am black, African American.” “Why?” came the question from both parents’ mouths even before we realized the consequences or implications of what we had just asked. ...

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The Evolving Language of Diversity and Integration in Discussions of Affirmative Action from Bakke to Grutter

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pp. 61-96

In December 1997, Barbara Grutter brought a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the University of Michigan Law School’s admissions policy. In June 2003 the United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger, definitively rejecting that challenge. ...

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The Educational Value of Diversity

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pp. 97-188

This young woman from a small town values her experiences with students from diverse backgrounds because they have changed her world. Her experience reflects the evidence in the social science research provided the courts in the cases testing the University of Michigan’s use of race as a factor in admission. ...

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Afterword

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pp. 189-196

The decisions of the Supreme Court in the cases involving affirmative action in admissions at the University of Michigan have provided us with the guidance that higher education has been seeking for decades, namely, a well-structured road map that permits all colleges and universities to create policies of affirmative action ...

Notes

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pp. 197-208

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Contributors

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pp. 209-212

Nancy Cantor is Chancellor of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She was Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Michigan when the affirmative action lawsuits were filed and was deeply involved in organizing the social science defense in those cases. ...

Index

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pp. 213-218