Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

List of Figures, Illustrations, and Maps

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pp. ix-xiii

GENERAL OUTLOOK

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p. 1

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The Habsburg-Ottoman Wars and the Modern World

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pp. 3-8

The Peace of Passarowitz of 1718 has received scant attention over the past three centuries. Perhaps the main reason for this neglect lies with another event that took place precisely two centuries later. While we have gathered to commemorate the approaching tercentenary of the treaty between the Ottoman, Habsburg, and...

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The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718: An Introduction

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pp. 9-37

Southeastern Europe was gradually moving closer to the modern European world. Prior to the eighteenth century, the Ottoman conquests had largely prevented it from sharing in the great achievements of European culture. Seemingly condemned to a permanent state of relative decline, Southeastern Europe also...

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The Peace of Passarowitz in the Historical Sciences, 1718—1829

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pp. 39-50

This paper analyzes the perspectives German scholars took in their historical portrayals of the Peace Treaty of Passarowitz (1718).1 It examines the question of how the Peace of Passarowitz was commented on and interpreted in those times, focusing exclusively on "Enlightenment history." The selection of primary...

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,DIPLOMACY, AND WARFARE

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p. 51

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The Impact of the Treaty of Passarowitz on the Habsburg Monarchy

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pp. 53-62

The Treaty of Passarowitz1 (Pozarevac) reflects a series of processes that characterize the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It was the product of earlier events and preconditions as much as it was the progenitor of subsequent developments. However, as can easily be seen from the larger context...

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The Peace of Passarowitz in Venice's Balkan Policy

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pp. 63-72

The year 1718 is generally considered the beginning of the last phase of the Republic of Venice. This point, however, is open to discussion: the overlapping of history, historiography, and cultural myth presents a continual risk. Authors such as Pierre Daru, in his...

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Twists and Turns in the Diplomatic Dialogue: the Politics of Peacemaking in the Early Eighteenth Century

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pp. 73-91

What concerns us in our discussion of the Passarowitz peace context is not so much the outcome of the process and the content of the treaty itself as the form, style, and often convoluted trajectories of the negotiating positions the two sides adopted during the extended, preconference preparatory phases of dialogue....

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The Ottoman Wars and the Changing Balance of Power along the Danube in the Early Eighteenth Century

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pp. 93-108

This paper aims to understand the changing military balance between the Habsburgs and the Ottomans at the turn of the eighteenth century and to provide realistic estimates as to the effective military strengths of the Ottoman and Habsburg armies before and during the Ottoman-Habsburg war of 1716—18. Its...

SOCIETY, ECONOMY, AND TRADE

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p. 109

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The Influence of the Peace of Passarowitz on Bosnia

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pp. 111-130

Under the provisions of the Peace Treaty of Karlowitz, the Ottoman Empire suffered the greatest loss of territory in the European part of its state in its history. The result was the formation of new borders with the members of the Holy...

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The Crimean Tatars and the Austro-Ottoman Wars

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pp. 131-140

The Crimean Khanate was founded in the middle of the fifteenth century as a pro-Lithuanian puppet state with a Giray ruling family who claimed Chinggizid origin. It was but one of several eastern European players, maneuvering between the gradually collapsing Golden Horde...

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Making a Prosperous Peace: Habsburg Diplomacy and Economic Policy at Passarowitz

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pp. 141-157

The period that began with the Peace of Karlowitz (1699) and ended with the Peace of Belgrade (1739) could be regarded as a four-decade-long transition in Habsburg-Ottoman relations. This transition generally marked a slow change from relations based on rivalry and sometimes open conflict...

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Implementation of the Commercial Treaty of Passarowitz and the Austrian Merchants, 1720-1750

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pp. 159-178

This exploration is based on Ottoman archival materials, which consist of two books dealing with Austrian affairs. These books, Nemçe Ahid and Ahkâm Defteri, cover the period between 1703 and 1755 and contain the registers of all kinds of issues relevant to Austria, from the liberation of prisoners of war by Austrian...

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The Navigation and Trade Agreement of 1718 and Ottoman Orthodox Merchants in Croatia and the Military Border

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pp. 179-189

This case study of Orthodox merchants, who are often referred to as "Greek" or "Ottoman" in source material, focuses on the importance of the Trade and Navigation Treaty of 1718 and its influence on the Civil-governed Croatia and the Varazdin Military Border...

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The Habsburg-Ottoman War of 1716—1718 and Demographic Changes in War-Afflicted Territories

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pp. 191-208

The Peace of Passarowitz and the occupation of southeastern Syrmia and the Banat marked the end of the Habsburg-Ottoman wars over the Hungarian legacy, which began with the Battle of Mohács and the election of Ferdinand of Habsburg...

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The Peace of Passarowitz and the Re-establishment of the Catholic Diocesan Administration in Belgrade and Smederevo

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pp. 209-217

After concluding the Peace Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, the Hofkammer authorities began to reconstitute the newly conquered lands' political, social, and economic structure with the aim of integrating them as fully as possible into the Habsburg monarchy. One of the priorities was to restore the bishoprics that...

IDEAS, ARTS, AND CULTURE

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p. 219

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Tracking the Mapmaker: The Role of Marsigli's Itineraries and Surveys at Karlowitz and Passarowitz

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pp. 221-237

The War of the Holy League (1683—1699) not only redelivered the Ottoman threat to the doorstep of Central Europe, but also revived the competition between many cartographers, among them Nicolas de Visscher Jr., Cantelli da Vignola, Pierre Duval, Frederik de Wit, Nicolas Sanson, and Alexis Hubert Jaillot.1...

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The Festival Book for the Exchange of Austrian and Turkish Deputations in 1719

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pp. 239-253

There are two copies of the album describing the festival dedicated to the exchange of Austrian and Turkish deputations in 1719, one in the Belgrade City Museum and the other in the National Museum, which is also located in Belgrade...

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The Emergence of the Baroque in Belgrade

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pp. 255-266

Although the Baroque was a conceptual art form dedicated to the Roman Catholic spiritual and aesthetic reform, its forms and variations continued to develop, breaking all religious, ideological, and spatial frontiers (as God was supposed to be everywhere). The Baroque displayed a spectacular capacity to transform itself to suit its application, which ranged, from religious fanaticism to rational...

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Patriotism and Propaganda: Habsburg Media Promotion of the Peace Treaty of Passarowitz

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pp. 267-290

Patriotism has always expressed a love not only for the language and culture of one's fatherland, but also for its politics, history and heroic characters, customs and traditions, literature, arts, and natural beauties. Appearing during the eighteenth century, the term patriotism itself is relatively new. Entering the corpus...

CONTRIBUTORS

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pp. 291-292

INDEX

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pp. 293-310