Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xii

I am very pleased that Frank Johnson has undertaken to write this book about theories of dependence, specifically examining crosscultural perspectives concerning amae, a Japanese word indicating indulgent dependence. I became interested in amae behavior in the 1950s during...

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xvi

This book is a culmination of study and reflection about dependency theory that began in 1968. At that time I was a young academic psychiatrist at the State University of New York, Health Sciences Center in Syracuse. During my own postgraduate training in psychiatry I had been..

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xvii-xix

Since this project has occupied me for over fifteen years, my indebtedness to colleagues and other scholars is correspondingly extensive —particularly to the thinking and writings of Takeo Doi. Through continued contact with his own work and some of his students I have found the concept...

PART ONE: Theoretical and Cultural Background

read more

Introduction and Background

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 3-13

This book examines intersections among three areas of scholarship that address the issue of interdependency in human relationships. The first of these conceptual areas traces theories of dependency and attachment stemming from developmental psychology and social science. The...

read more

1. Dependency, Attachment, and Interdependency: Definitions from Psychology and Social Science

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 14-37

The nature of human affiliations has long attracted commentary in literature, philosophy, and what eventually became the behavioral sciences. Among diverse human relationships, those involving the most intimate and intense connectedness occurring within families, close friendships, and relationships of fealty have been particularly fascinating...

read more

2. Psychoanalytic Formulations Connected to Dependency

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 38-62

This chapter will examine how the concepts of dependency, interdependency, and attachment are addressed in traditional psychoanalytic theory. Perhaps the most interesting fact is that dependency has not attained the status of a central explanatory concept in metapsychological writings, nor has it become tightly formulated in a direct way that...

read more

3. Cultural and Historical Background of Amae: Dependency Experience in Japan

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 63-104

As defined earlier, amae is a commonly used Japanese word denoting "the ability and prerogative of an individual to presume or depend upon the benevolence of another" (Doi 1956, 1962^). This mandate for special and continued leaning on selected others is embedded into Japanese...

read more

4. Japanese Childrearing and Early Socialization: Implications for Amae

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 105-136

In all cultures, the period of early childhood is a high-water mark for dependency, when caregivers are responsible for providing security, physical nurturance, and emotional comfort. Qualitative and quantitative differences in childrearing have been studied crossculturally, partly...

read more

5. Japanese Education and Later Socialization

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 137-152

Educational institutions operate to provide graded instruction, furnishing students with skills in literacy and computation, along with information concerning science, history, health, and social studies. At the same time, schooling constitutes a context for progressive socialization...

PART TWO: Psychocultural Aspects of Japanese Dependency and Self

read more

6. A Multilevel Analysis of Doi's Theories of Amae

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 155-191

The formulations of Takeo Doi and the commentators who have responded to his writings concerning amae provide a central framework for a multidimensional description and explanation of dependency. Summarizing Doi's published work, however, gives rise to complications that...

read more

7. A Summary and Synthesis of Amae Theory

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 192-213

Since the mid-ip/os, Doi's publications concerning amae have received increasing attention from researchers and scholars within developmental psychology, psychoanalysis, and Asian studies. This is reflected by the number of citations in other scholarly works and both supportive and...

read more

8. Psychocultural Characterization of the Japanese Self

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 214-266

Indigenous descriptions of Japanese personality and attributions of self abound in documentaries from anthropological, psychological, and literary sources. These can be summarized and integrated into a psychocultural picture of the Japanese self—based primarily on emic terms and descriptions...

PART THREE: Conceptual and Theoretical Dimensions

read more

9. Modifications of Psychoanalytic Theory by Cross-Cultural Evidence

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 269-327

The purpose of this chapter is to compare anthropological evidence concerning juvenile and adult behavior with some prevailing psychoanalytic theories of human development and personality. Psychoanalytic theories have traditionally emphasized intrapsychic topography and unconscious...

read more

10. Current Issues in Anthropology and Psychoanalysis: Some Concluding Observations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 328-372

Earlier chapters have presented information about aspects of dependency theory, psychocultural observations of Japanese behavior, and methodological issues concerned with research in both cross-cultural and developmental contexts. This concluding chapter represents a synthesis, and...

Glossary of Japanese Terms

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 373-382

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 383-418

Name Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 419-426

Subject Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 427-452