Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. iii-iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-v

read more

1. Introduction: The Outing Matrons of Tucson

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-17

One late spring day in Tucson, Arizona, in 1933, when outing matron Gracie Taylor finally made herself sit down and write the report that the Office of Indian Affairs at Washington, DC, had demanded, she found herself utterly unable to do so. She hardly knew how to ...

read more

2. “Herein may lie the solution to the servant-girl question—”: Gender, Race, and Outing

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 18-34

In 1902, a syndicated article out of the Chicago press appeared in various southwestern newspapers with the rather startling headline, “Poor Lo as House Servant.” Students from the Indian boarding schools in the Southwest were now “being employed very rapidly ...

read more

3. “The good an outing matron can do”: The Start of Outing in Tucson, 1913–1914

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 35-53

It was 1913, the year after Arizona became a state, when the push began in earnest for the appointment of an outing matron in Tucson. Henry J. McQuigg, the Indian Service superintendent of the San Xavier agency, had been asked to supply the numbers of girls and ...

read more

4. “Naturally a trouble-maker”: Minnie Estabrook, 1914–1915

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 54-77

Minnie Estabrook alighted from a Southern Pacific Railroad carriage to take up her appointment as Tucson’s new outing matron on May 8, 1914. In her mid-thirties, well built, stylish, and animated, she made a striking figure. She wasted no time in making her presence ...

read more

5. “I try to keep the girls from going to the dances”: Janette Woodruff, 1915–1929

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 78-106

Tohono O’odham Peter Blaine recalled Janette Woodruff as the person who helped his wife and other girls and women find work. “I remember her because all the young Papago girls used to go to her place to have their gatherings,” Blaine told his biographer Michael ...

read more

6. “A worthy, industrious people”: Libbie Light, 1929–1932

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-133

To say Libbie Light was gratified when she got the news of her transfer to Tucson would be an understatement. Light had been waiting for years for such a position, well before her husband, a former superintendent at the Truxton Canon agency in northern Arizona, ...

read more

7. “Mrs. Taylor calls it ‘messenger work’”: Gracie Taylor, 1932–1934

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 134-156

When Gracie’s mother died and her preacher father went away, her brother and sister were only little children, and she was not much older. Taken in by their Quaker grandparents in northern Michigan, the children stayed there until young Gracie married Aaron Taylor, ...

read more

8. “—For a time, at least”: History and the Outing Matrons

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-166

On the eve of Doris Weston’s appointment at Tucson in July 1934, the state supervisor of Indian education, Richard Tisinger, expressed the hope that the planned arrangement for Mrs. Pablo to assist Weston would go ahead: “They should make a good pair.” ...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 167-168

This book would never have come to be, had not the wonderful, and extremely knowledgeable, Gwen Granados first drawn my attention to some little-known records of these women who worked for the Indian Service in Arizona, when I was visiting the National ...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 169-209

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 211-224

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 225-230