Self-Determination without Nationalism
A Theory of Postnational Sovereignty
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Temple University Press
Series: Global Ethics and Politics (GEP)
Title Page, Copyright
This book has been written within and about three different debates or discussions that have occurred in political theory and international ethics in the last generation. First, there is the nationalism debate beginning in the 1980s, which has involved philosophers, historians, social theorists, and...
Consider the following instances of contemporary political conflict. The people of Egypt mass by the thousands in the heart of Cairo, forcing the abdication of the virtual dictator of the country for the last generation. An unknown political movement in Mexico, named after a historical revolutionary, stages a series of spectacular media-oriented events to...
1. Distinguishing Peoples from Nations
The nation-state is one of the most widely used, and least examined, concepts in political discourse today. It is implicit in the idea of national self-determination—that nations ought to have their own states. But there is a conceptual difference between nations and states, and they are also usually...
2. Self-Determination and Minority Rights
Contemporary political theory has been strongly affected by the concept of rights, which nationalists have not been reluctant to use for their own purposes. This chapter examines the idea that ethnonational groups can claim a right of self-determination in order to establish independent nation-states. By comparing this idea with the related but quite distinct...
3. Self-Determination and Plebiscitary Democracy
Contrary to the dominant—and quasi-nationalist—strand of thought on self-determination in political theory, it is the argument of Chapter 2 that self-determination does not have an intrinsic and justifiable connection to minority rights. It is only in the absence of rights for disadvantaged or oppressed minorities that self-determination as a sovereignty right becomes...
4. Ethical Communities without Nations
It is time to specify the proper claimants of political self-determination— peoples. But there is still some work to be done before we can define the concept of peoples because it has often been confused with that of nations. In the view argued here, the two are distinct. To define peoples, the notion of an ethical...
5. The Illusion of Global Community
In the first four chapters of this book, I argue that nation-states are not a legitimate form of political community because they violate principles of both natural and complex social justice. In making this case, I maintain, first, that the problem lies not with the state per se but with the idea that states...
6. The Contemporary Revival of Sovereignty
In 1991, just after the definitive end of the Cold War, Charles Beitz wrote, “The idea of internal sovereignty plays no substantial role in contemporary political theory. So it is a striking fact that in the study of international relations, and in international political theory as well, the idea of external sovereignty...
7. The Legitimacy of Sovereignty Claims
In establishing appropriate criteria for sovereignty claims today, it is important to recall that sovereignty is not an institution or power (though it may be instantiated in such things) but is best understood as a norm or idea. Thus, it is important to be clear about what sort of norm it is. In particular...
As this study of self-determination and sovereignty draws to a close, it is worth highlighting both the advantages and the disadvantages of reaffirming these concepts. The advantages result in particular from developing a concept of ecosovereignty out of a principle of popular self-...