This book constitutes a critique of the illusions of globalists and cosmopolitans, especially the idea that a new world order based on universal principles of justice and rights, and devoid of nations, states, and power struggles, is possible. It presents the argument that particular political communities are an ethically desirable and historically inevitable feature of collective life (Chs. 4-5). However, the ethical principles that govern them, especially self-determination and sovereignty, require reformulation. The book presents an argument that nation-states violate the principle of self-determination, an idea best understood as justifying minority rights and patriotic attachments, not nationalism (Chs. 1-3). Self-determination is also understood as entailing a new concept of ecosovereignty. This idea is meant to capture the need for a new understanding of political community that can protect and further the rights of indigenous peoples, and the needs of ecological regions for a sustainable form of development and security from environmental destruction (Chs. 6-8).