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One of the oldest metropolitan areas in North America, Montreal has evolved from a remote fur-trading post in New France into an international center for services and technology. A city and an island located at the confluence of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers; it is uniquely situated to serve as an international port while also providing rail access to the Canadian interior. The historic capital of the Province of Canada, and once Canada’s foremost metropolis, Montreal has a multifaceted cultural heritage drawn from European and North American influences. Thanks to its rich past, the city offers an ideal setting for the study of an evolving urban environment. Metropolitan Natures presents original histories of the diverse environments that constitute Montreal and it region. It explores the agricultural and industrial transformation of the metropolitan area, the interaction of city and hinterland, and the interplay of humans and nature. The fourteen chapters cover a wide range of issues, from landscape representations during the colonial era to urban encroachments on the Kahnawake Mohawk reservation on the south shore of the island, from the 1918–1920 Spanish flu epidemic and its ensuing human environmental modifications to the urban sprawl characteristic of North America during the postwar period. Situations that politicize the environment are discussed as well, including the economic and class dynamics of flood relief, highways built to facilitate recreational access for the middle class, power-generating facilities that invade pristine rural areas, and the elitist environmental hegemony of fox hunting. Additional chapters examine human attempts to control the urban environment through street planning, waterway construction, water supply, and sewerage.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Figures and Tables
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-16
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  1. Representations: Urban Cultures
  2. pp. 17-18
  1. 1. The Colonial Landscapes of the Early Town
  2. pp. 19-36
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  1. 2. The Herons Are Still Here: History and Place
  2. pp. 37-50
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  1. 3. Corporeal Understandings of the Industrializing Environment
  2. pp. 51-67
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  1. 4. Influenza and the UrbanEnvironment, 1918-1920
  2. pp. 68-82
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  1. Infrastructures
  2. pp. 83-84
  1. 5. Surface Water in theEarly Nineteenth Century
  2. pp. 85-100
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  1. 6. At the Source of a New Urbanity: Water Networks and Power Relations in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
  2. pp. 101-114
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  1. 7. Hidden Water in the Landscape: The Covered Reservoirs of Mount Royal
  2. pp. 115-132
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  1. 8. The Political Ecology of Floodsin the Late Nineteenth Century
  2. pp. 133-147
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  1. 9. City Streets as Environmental Grid: The Challenge of Private Uses and Municipal Stewardship
  2. pp. 148-167
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  1. 10. A City on the Move: The Surprising Consequences of Highways
  2. pp. 168-184
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  1. Hinterlands
  2. pp. 185-186
  1. 11. Agriculture on theMontreal Plain, 1850–1950: Urban Market and Metropolitan Hinterland
  2. pp. 187-210
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  1. 12. Horses, Hedges, and Hegemony: Foxhunting in the Countryside
  2. pp. 211-227
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  1. 13. When Bridges Become Barriers: Montreal and Kahnawake Mohawk Territory
  2. pp. 228-244
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  1. 14. The Destruction of the Rural Hinterland: Industrialization of Landscapes in Beauharnois County
  2. pp. 245-264
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  1. Conclusion: The Historicity of Montreal’s Environment
  2. pp. 265-270
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 271-312
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 313-316
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 317-321
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822977711
Print ISBN
9780822944027
MARC Record
OCLC
794700640
Pages
320
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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