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Indonesia's Population

Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape

Leo Suryadinata, Evi Nurvidya Arifin and Aris Ananta

Publication Year: 2003

This is the first book that presents an analysis of basic information contained in the 31 volumes of the official Indonesian census conducted in the year 2000. It focuses on Indonesian ethnicity and religion and their relevance to the study of politics. The 2000 population census is the first comprehensive census since the colonial period in 1930, to include ethnic data. After Indonesia’s independence in 1945, the Indonesian Government conducted four population censuses but these had never included any information on ethnicity. This book provides a general analysis of the 2000 census, followed by discussions on 11 major indigenous ethnic groups, the ethnic Chinese, six major religions, and 11 selected provinces of ethnic and political significance. This is an indispensable book for scholars and practitioners who are interested in Indonesia, in particular the relevance of ethnicity and religion to political behaviour during elections.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute


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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi

List of Figures

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pp. vii-ix

List of Tables

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pp. x-xv

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pp. xvi-xvii

At present the population of Indonesia is the fourth largest in the world, after China, India and the United States of America. The last population census during the colonial period took place in 1930. The first population census in independent Indonesia was conducted in 1961, followed by censuses in 1971, 1980, 1990 and 2000. ...

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Message from the Director

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p. xviii

Given its geo-strategic importance and recent developments in the region, Indonesia continues to be a major area of study for the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS). In this regard, three ISEAS scholars, Dr Leo Suryadinata, Dr Evi Nurvidya Arifin, and Dr Aris Ananta have joined forces ...

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p. xix

First of all, we would like to thank the participants of the seminar “Ethnic and Religious Composition of Indonesia in the 21st Century: Findings from the Results of the Recently Published 2000 Population Census Data”, who have made useful comments. ...

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pp. xx-xv

This book is an outgrowth of a seminar on “Ethnic and Religious Composition of Indonesia in the 21st Century: Findings from the Recently Published 2000 Population Census Data” by the authors, conducted on 27 September 2002 at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. ...

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Chapter 1. Population Change and Continuity: A Breakthrough in Ethnic Information

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pp. 1-30

The Indonesian population is the fourth largest in the world, after China, India, and the United States of America. In 2000 there were 205.8 million people, more than threefold the number in 1930. The population thus increased at an average annual rate of growth of 1.78% during the period 1930–2000. ...

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Chapter 2. The Eleven Largest Ethnic Groups: Geographical Concentration and Uneven Distribution

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pp. 31-72

As mentioned in Chapter 1, we have recovered 101 ethnic and subethnic groups from the census volumes published by the Central Board of Statistics. However, it is beyond the limitations of this book to discuss all of them. We have decided therefore not to discuss groups that comprise less than 1.5% of the total number of Indonesian citizens. ...

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Chapter 3. The Ethnic Chinese: A Declining Percentage

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pp. 73-102

We use the term “ethnic Chinese” to distinguish the Chinese population from the Chinese in the People's Republic of China. The “ethnic Chinese” in Indonesia include those Chinese who migrated to, or were born and grew up in Indonesia, regardless of whether they are Indonesian citizens or foreigners. ...

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Chapter 4. Five Religions: A Multi-Religious Society

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pp. 103-138

This chapter presents some quantitative data of officially recognized religions in Indonesia. Unlike the information on ethnicity that is confined to Indonesian citizens, the published statistics on religion are based on the whole population of Indonesia, including both citizens and foreigners. ...

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Chapter 5. Profile of Selected Provinces: Between Homogeneity and Plurality

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pp. 139-178

Due to space constraints, only a few selected provinces are included in this analysis. The selection is based on both ethnic and political considerations, as discussed in the Introduction of this book. ...

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Chapter 6. Population Studies and Political Behaviour: The Variables of Ethnicity and Religion

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pp. 179-190

Indonesia is a society in transition, but retains many traditional features. Ethnicity and religion still play important roles in understanding Indonesian political behaviour. At the start it should be stated clearly that ethnicity and religion are not the only two independent variables to explain politics. ...

Selected References

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pp. 191-193

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About the Authors

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p. 194

Leo Suryadinata, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. He was previously a Professor at the Department of Political Science, National University of Singapore. He has published extensively on Indonesian politics, foreign policy and ethnic Chinese. ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789812305268
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812302182

Page Count: 194
Publication Year: 2003

Edition: 1

OCLC Number: 654442968
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Indonesia's Population

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Subject Headings

  • Indonesia -- Population.
  • Indonesia -- Population -- Statistics.
  • Ethnology -- Indonesia.
  • Ethnology -- Indonesia -- Statistics.
  • Indonesia -- Religion.
  • Indonesia -- Religion -- Statistics.
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