Disaggregating International Regimes
A New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The MIT Press
Series: Earth System Governance
Title Page, Copyright
Humans now influence all biological and physical systems of the planet. Almost no species, no land area, and no part of the oceans has remained unaffected by the expansion of the human species. Recent scientific findings suggest that the entire earth system now operates outside the normal state...
Those seeking to understand environmental governance will find new tools for evaluating the performance of international institutions — notably, a disaggregate approach to effectiveness that makes cross-comparison possible by breaking down the problem addressed by the regime and the relevant...
List of Abbreviations
1. Introduction: A Disaggregate Approach
Do international regimes actually work? How can we measure the effectiveness of a regime, or the difference it makes to the problem it is meant to address? What conditions promote or impede effectiveness? This book develops a new approach to analyzing international regime effectiveness and applies it to the...
2. Effectiveness Theories and Methods
At the core of regime-effectiveness studies are two questions: would problem solving be significantly lower if the regime had not existed, and how far is the problem from being fully solved? As this chapter shows, answering the first, counterfactual question requires a good explanation of why the actual level...
3. Means for Governance
This chapter describes the components of the Barents Sea fisheries regime, how it is nested in the global regime for fisheries, and its connections to national bodies for fisheries management and to the fishing industries in the region. Each of these aspects of the regime has changed significantly in the period studied...
4. Cognitional Effectiveness
The cognitional problem in focus for international regimes is to build a shared, well-founded understanding of how best to achieve the social purpose of the regime. In fisheries management, that means generating research-based advice that differentiates accurately among alternative management programs in terms...
5. Regulatory Effectiveness
The regulatory problem in focus for international regimes is to establish a set of behavioral rules that jointly reflect the best available knowledge on how to achieve the social purpose of the regime. In fisheries management, that purpose is to maximize the long-term yield from the resource, which includes safeguarding...
6. Behavioral Effectiveness
The behavioral problem in focus for international regimes is to ensure that international rules really influence the actions of the target groups — those that engage in the activities regulated by the regime. Examining target-group impact, as this chapter does, is fundamental to the analysis of regime effectiveness since...
7. Aggregate Effectiveness
The basic problem or social purpose of an international regime is what motivated states to create it, whether it is avoidance of nuclear conflict, the furtherance of free trade, or the sustainable management of natural resources. Whatever the issue area, the causal chains that might connect the regime and the achievement...
The aim of this book has been twofold: to develop a disaggregate approach to international regime effectiveness that can improve the balance among concerns for validity, determinacy, and generality, and to apply the approach to a specific case, the regime for managing shared fish stocks in the...