Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Series Foreword

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p. ix

I am pleased to present the eighth book in the Food, Health, and the Environment series. This series explores the global and local dimensions of food systems, and examines issues of access, justice, and environmental and community well-being. It includes books that focus on the way...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiii

I want to express my gratitude for the time, information, and insight provided by each of the people who shared their knowledge with me while researching this book. I met so many kind, helpful, and inspiring people during my field research in Mexico and Canada that it is not possible to thank them all individually...

List of Acronyms

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pp. xv-xvii

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1. Introduction: Genes Out of Place

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pp. 1-24

Alfalfa is not typically a big news story, even though it is among the top four crops produced in the United States. It is a perennial grass, mostly grown to make hay for cows—one of the major inputs to the dairy industry that remains largely invisible to consumers. But in 2010, as the Supreme Court prepared...

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2. Free Markets, Sound Science

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pp. 25-47

Canada and Mexico are two very different countries, with distinct cultures, agricultural traditions, landscapes, and levels of economic development. Nevertheless, the opponents of GE crops in each country face remarkably similar resistance to the possibility of democratic debate about the social implications...

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3. The Maize Movement and Expert Advice

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pp. 49-74

In March 2004, environmentalists and maize producers converged on the Mexican city of Oaxaca, holding a protest at a public symposium in which a panel of esteemed scientists was to address the topic of GE maize and biodiversity. The demonstrators crowded into the conference room and proceeded to take...

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4. The Politics of Biosafety Monitoring

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pp. 75-99

Since the early 1990s, biodiversity protection has been a key international priority, enshrined in UN agreements such as the CBD and its supplement, the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol. Both international agreements establish the importance of monitoring biodiversity in order to protect it. These agreements...

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5. Patents on Out-of-Place Genes

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pp. 101-126

Throughout this book, I have argued that conflicts over GE crops are not merely disagreements about the scientific evidence of risk. Rather, they are disputes about the social order: What kind of agriculture do we want? Nowhere is this more obvious than in contestations over intellectual property rights...

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6. Protecting Organic Markets

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pp. 127-151

The public rejection of GE foods, in places as varied as the European Union, Brazil, and Japan, has limited the global adoption of GE seeds, while simultaneously creating new opportunities to market non-GE foods. In some countries, labels are required on foods containing GE material. Additionally...

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7. Conclusion: Science and Struggles for Change

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pp. 153-164

In a classic study of the social implications of technology, political philosopher Langdon Winner cautioned against the perils of contemporary discussions about risk. He observed that social critics and activists frequently turn to discourses about dangers to the body in order to stimulate popular protest...

Notes

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pp. 165-179

References

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pp. 181-210

Index

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pp. 211-219