Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The MIT Press
Series: Earth System Governance
Title Page, Copyright
Humans now influence all biological and physical systems of the planet. Almost no species, no land area and no part of the oceans has remained unaffected by the expansion of the human species. Recent scientific findings suggest that the entire earth system now operates outside the normal state...
This book brings together the core findings of a ten-year research program involving more than forty researchers at thirteen leading European research institutions: the Global Governance Project. The program was formally launched in 2001; this book brings together its major theoretical insights and...
1. Global Environmental Governance Revisited
Global governance has become a key term in academic and policy debates since the late 1990s. Whereas an Internet search in 1997 produced merely 3,418 references to global governance, and in January 2004 the same search turned up fewer than ninety thousand sources, in late 2010, more than...
I. The New Actors
2. International Bureaucracies
Research on international relations is marked today by a resurgence of interest in the role and relevance of international bureaucracies and international organizations after a long period of academic neglect since the late 1970s (overview in Bauer et al. 2009). This chapter makes a threefold contribution...
3. Global Corporations
Global corporations have been key players in the development of global environmental governance. The significance of these actors has not always been acknowledged in the academic literature but recent scholarship has produced a wealth of studies on the theoretical and empirical dimensions of business...
4. Science Networks
Within debates about global environmental governance, voices from science are often heard and referred to. Be it in the media, official negotiation documents, activist campaigns, or public speeches, scientific findings are regularly quoted and interpreted. Although the climate regime is the most visible...
II. The New Mechanisms
5. Transnational Environmental Regimes
It is a widely held understanding among scholars of international relations that increased participation of nonstate actors has given rise to new forms of governance beyond the state that transcend the traditional system of legally binding agreements negotiated by governments. In addition to classical...
6. Transnational Public-Private Partnerships
Transnational public-private partnerships for sustainable development are frequently advanced as policy innovations to reduce implementation and legitimacy deficits in global governance (Haas 2004). Partnerships are conceived as more adequate and effective governance instruments compared to...
7. Transnational Governance Experiments
In this chapter, we develop an account of transnational governance that moves beyond specific forms of private regimes (Pattberg, this book, chapter 5) and public-private partnerships (Bäckstrand et al., this book, chapter 6) to encompass what we term transnational governance experiments. Empirically...
III. The New Interlinkages and Fragmentations
8. Horizontal Institutional Interlinkages
In this chapter, we analyze the increasingly important phenomenon of institutional interlinkages in global environmental governance. Institutional interlinkages are connections among policy processes, rules, norms, and principles of two or more institutions. We focus on the international level and hence...
9. International-Domestic Linkages and Policy Convergence
Links between international and domestic policy choices are now a mainstay of global environmental governance research. A common analytical concern is the question of whether multilevel policy linkages fuel convergence of national policies. Most debates about convergence have taken place within a broader...
10. Regional Governance Arrangements
Recent decades have witnessed in many parts of the world a shift of authority away from states up to regional levels. Where regions have become stronger, regional governance has often transformed the coordination of social relations, including informal and formal institutions, the role of different...
11. The Changing Role of the State
Devoting a chapter to the role of the state in global governance in a book focusing mainly on nonstate actors and governance beyond the state might be unusual. Is it necessary once more to bring the state back in (Mol 2007), and for what purpose? The valid critique of the overstated centrality of the...
Among the many insights presented in this book, one thread runs through all studies: there is hardly any coherent, systematic, structured system of global environmental governance. Instead, global environmental governance presents itself as a complex web of multiple and interacting actors, networks, and institutions...