A History of Education in Kentucky
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
Series: Topics in Kentucky History
The idea for this book originated in a conversation between Thomas D. Clark, just a few weeks before he died, and Stephen M. Wrinn, director of the University Press of Kentucky. In their conversation about what books needed to be written about the history of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Tom mentioned that something should be done about education. My name ...
Part 1. 1775 to the Beginning of the Civil War
Chapter 1. Tragedies, Blunders, and Promises: Creating a Public School System
Settlers brought great hopes with them across the Appalachian Mountains and down the Ohio River into the “Kentucke” country. While efforts were made to develop schools, children, if they had literate parents, received a modicum of education at home. First settled by European Americans from the American colonies during the tumultuous 1770s,...
Chapter 2. The Early History of Higher Education
War and rumors of war, funding difficulties, reticent and sometimes rebellious students, underpaid and overworked faculty, sectarian strife, helpful as well as meddling alumni and supporters, and feckless and sometimes downright hostile legislators and governors are all problems we are familiar with today in higher education. Yet the same could be said for the earliest ...
Part 2. The Civil War to 1900
Chapter 3. Elementary and Secondary Education
From 1860 and the election to the presidency of native son Abraham Lincoln, to 1900 and the turmoil surrounding the assassination of William Goebel, Kentuckians faced increasing challenges. The Commonwealth of Kentucky, based on its population, its economy, and its location, declined from being one of the major states in the Union to being one of the poorest, ...
Chapter 4. Higher Education in an Age of Flux
On August 7, 1869, Professor Joseph Winlock, director of the Harvard College Observatory, trained what was said to be the third-best telescope on a college campus into the heavens. With this twenty-five-hundred-dollar device, Winlock and a cadre of Harvard professors and scientists from the U.S. Coastal Survey gazed into the heavens and took eighty-five timed...
Part 3. 1900 to 1941
Chapter 5. Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II
In the latter decades of the nineteenth century, the United States continued its chaotic, almost irrepressible, growth, becoming the industrial leader of the world and creating enormous wealth. With massive immigration and completion of the westward movement, the United States blossomed into a world power. Victory in the Spanish-American War, the spoils of war, ...
Chapter 6. Higher Education in the New Century
At the turn of the twentieth century, Kentuckians were influenced, indeed had been impacted for much of their history, by educational experiences beyond the classroom. In the broadest sense, education is “intergenerational, with adults teaching children.” Acculturation is the process whereby a person is incorporated into the larger group, absorbing the culture of his or her ...
Part 4. World War II to the Mid-1980s
Chapter 7. Elementary and Secondary Education from World War II to the Threshold of Major Reform
From the beginning of World War II, elementary and secondary education in the Commonwealth of Kentucky struggled to keep up with national trends. Casting its lot with the South after the Civil War handicapped the state educationally, particularly in “following the color line.” As throughout Kentucky’s educational history, there were, from time to time, moments of ...
Chapter 8. Higher Education
Most Americans heard about the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor in the afternoon of Sunday, December 7, 1941, while listening to the radio. That’s how future governor Louie B. Nunn found out, while he was a student at Bowling Green Business College. Eastern senior ROTC student Ken Perry was lying in bed recovering from a broken leg suffered in the Morehead football game when he heard the..
Epilogue. Whither Education in Kentucky?
Education in Kentucky in the latter decades of the twentieth century could not help but change, owing to the forces both within the state and beyond that pushed for reform. Momentum built in the mid-1980s during the Collins administration, with the legislation of 1985 seemingly answering the cries of many for improvement in public school funding. The governor and ...