Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. v

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

My thought process, research, and writing have been significantly shaped and greatly enriched by my participation in the activities of several professional associations and scholarly communities. These include not only large organizations such as the American Literature Association (led by the indefatigable...

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Introduction: Empire at Home and Abroad

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pp. 1-16

Best known for the role it plays in the “Forethought” to The Souls of Black Folk (1903), W. E. B. Du Bois’s famous declaration “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line” (100) originally appeared three years earlier in “The Present Outlook for the Dark Races of Mankind.” In this speech...

Part 1. African American Literature and the Spanish-Cuban-American War

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Chapter 1. Cuban Generals, Black Sergeants, and White Colonels: The African American Poetic Response to the Spanish-Cuban-American War

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pp. 19-38

In The Anarchy of Empire in the Making of U.S. Culture (2003), Amy Kaplan sees “a battle raging over the interconnected representations of race, manhood, nation, and empire” (125) in the conflicting black and white representations of what she refers to as the “legendary” events on San Juan Hill.1 She notes that...

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Chapter 2. Wars Abroad and at Home in Sutton E. Griggs’s Imperium in Imperio and The Hindered Hand

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pp. 39-60

Between 1899 and 1908, Sutton E. Griggs (1872– 1933) published five long works of fiction, making him the most prolific late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century African American novelist. For a variety of reasons, these texts about black and white southerners have frustrated attempts by critics to arrive at...

Part 2. African American Literature, the Philippine-American War, and Expansion in the Pacific

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Chapter 3. Black Burdens, Laguna Tales, and “Citizen Tom” Narratives: African American Writing and the Philippine-American War

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pp. 63-95

Helen H. Jun has coined the term “black orientalism” to refer to representations of Chinese people in the black press in the second half of the 1800s and the early 1900s. Rather than categorizing it as either racist or antiracist, Jun contends that black orientalism, which draws on the discourses of U.S....

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Chapter 4. Annexation in the Pacific and Asian Conspiracy in Central America in James Weldon Johnson’s Unproduced Operettas

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pp. 96-112

In Afro-Orientalism, Bill V. Mullen contends that U.S. black engagement with Asia began with a series of articles W. E. B. Du Bois published in the Crisis; however, as established in chapter 3 and confirmed in the ensuing discussions of James Weldon Johnson’s libretti for operettas dating from 1899, it occurred...

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Coda: Pauline Hopkins, the Colored American Magazine, and the Critique of Empire Abroad and at Home in “Talma Gordon”

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pp. 113-126

Although some critics, beginning with Gwendolyn Brooks in 1978, have cast Pauline Hopkins (1859–1930) as a conservative, Booker T. Washington regarded her very differently. Alarmed by what he deemed the radical nature of her own writings and those of others that she published in the Colored American...

Notes

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pp. 127-138

Works Cited

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pp. 139-152

Index

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pp. 153-159