Front Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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1. The Development and Evolution of High-Risk Writing Instruction

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pp. 1-20

The 1960s found U.S. mainstream colleges and universities presiding over an overwhelmingly white student body. Studies from the time period reveal that mainstream four-year institutions had an African American population of roughly 2 percent (Egerton, State Universities 6) and a combined population of “other” races and ethnicities ...

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2. The Late 1960s and Early 1970s: Coming to Terms with Racial Crisis

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pp. 21-55

The decade of the 1960s found the Civil Rights Movement turning in an increasingly urgent and confrontational direction. Sociologists and CUNY Open Admissions researchers David E. Lavin and David Hyllegard have argued that this period witnessed “increasing militancy [within] the civil rights movement. ...

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3. The Mid-1970s: Literacy Crisis Meets Color Blindness

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pp. 56-85

The mid-1970s found many in the United States increasingly worried that societal troubles—the war in Vietnam, the pending energy crisis, the Watergate scandal, and other woes—were threatening the status of the country as the “hegemonic power of the West” (Genovese 61) ...

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4. The Late 1970s and Early 1980s: Competence Concerns in the Age of Bakke

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pp. 86-116

One of the most pressing issues facing U.S. higher education during the late 1970s and early 1980s was that of student “competence”—that is, how best to define and measure what it meant for a student to have achieved (or failed to achieve) a certain level of educational attainment or proficiency. ...

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5. The Late 1980s and Early 1990s: Culture Wars and the Politics of Identity

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pp. 117-150

Predominantly white mainstream four-year colleges and universities in the United States found themselves grappling with yet another host of important issues related to racial and cultural diversity during the late 1980s and early 1990s. These institutions were encountering widespread demands that they prepare students more effectively ...

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6. The Late 1990s to the Present: The End of an Era?

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pp. 151-178

From the late 1990s through the present day, mainstream four-year colleges and universities in the United States have been forced to respond to a powerful pressure to pursue institutional “excellence.” Greene and McAlexander characterize this pressure as prompting four-year institutions to begin “raising admissions standards, ...

Notes

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pp. 179-192

Works Cited

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pp. 193-212

Index

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pp. 213-220

Back Cover

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