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Wars within a War

Controversy and Conflict over the American Civil War

Edited by Joan Waugh and Gary W. Gallagher

Publication Year: 2009

The twelve essays in ###Wars within a War# explore the internal stresses that posed serious challenges to the viability of the opposing sides in the Civil War as well as some of the ways in which wartime disputes and cultural fissures carried over into the postwar years and beyond.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Series: Civil War America


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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi


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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xv

The Civil War saw the United States and the Confederacy create huge armies that waged some of the bloodiest and most famous battles in American history. The governments headed by Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis sought to make the most of their respective...

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Women Numerous and Armed: Gender and the Politics of Subsistence in the Civil War South

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pp. 1-26

The Confederate war ripped like an earthquake through the foundation of southern life. Its impact registered in every domain from the high reaches of the central state to the intimate recesses of the household. Transformation is the essential characteristic of war...

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Friend or Foe: Treason and the Second Confiscation Act

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pp. 27-51

During the American Civil War, many northerners had no problem with considering the Rebels as traitors to the Union. The betrayal of the government by the southern Confederates was one of the most common refrains...

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My Enemies Are Crushed: McClellan and Lincoln

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pp. 52-67

On September 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan wrote to his wife exultantly that “my enemies are crushed, silent, and disarmed.” What on earth did he mean? Had he won a great battle against the Army of Northern...

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Profile in Leadership: Generalship and Resistance in Robert E. Lee's First Month in Command of the Army of Northern Virginia

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pp. 68-86

“I wish his mantle had fallen on an abler man, or that I was able to drive our enemies back to their homes,” Robert E. Lee informed his daughter-in- law Charlotte on June 2, 1862. Although Lee wrote with the obligatory...

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In Your Hands That Musket Means Liberty: African American Soldiers and the Battle of Olustee

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pp. 87-108

The battle of Olustee—or Ocean Pond—was fought on February 20, 1864, about ten miles east of Lake City, Florida, and about forty-five miles north of Gainesville. In the grand military narrative of the Civil War, it was a minor battle...

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With Malice toward Both: Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis in Caricature

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pp. 109-136

In the fall of 1856, the British news weekly London Punch published an extraordinary caricature commenting rather presciently, it turned out, on American politics. It depicted supposedly prototypical northern and...

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Walt Whitman's Real Wars

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pp. 137-156

In the first few pages of Walt Whitman’s little book Memoranda During the War, which carries on the cover of at least one copy of its privately printed first edition the gold-lettered words “WALT / WHITMAN’S / MEMORANDA...

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Hollywood Has It Both Ways: The Rise, Fall, and Reappearance of the Lost Cause in American Film

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pp. 157-183

Hollywood’s engagement with the Civil War has featured strikingly different portraits of the Confederacy. The Lost Cause narrative, refined by former Confederates in the postwar era, flourished in films for nearly half...

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Battle over the Bodies: Burying and Reburying the Civil War Dead, 1865–1871

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pp. 184-201

Neither conflict nor violence came to an end with the surrender of Confederate armies in the spring of 1865. Reconciliation would require decades, as North and South struggled over the meaning of the war and the character...

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Not a Veteran in the Poorhouse: Civil War Pensions and Soldiers' Homes

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pp. 202-222

The Vietnam War sparked conflicts between veterans and nonveterans, inside the veteran community, and within individual veterans that still resonate with many Americans. These tensions have been staples of literature...

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William T. Sherman in Postwar Georgia's Collective Memory, 1864–1914

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pp. 223-248

In February 1891, shortly after the death of William Tecumseh Sherman, a Georgia journalist posited an intriguing question: “How shall we judge a man who was one day all fire, and the next day all ice: forgiving one...

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The Nation's Greatest Hero Should Rest in the Nation's Greatest City

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pp. 249-278

Before it was the General Grant National Memorial it was officially called Grant Monument. Visitors dubbed it “Grant’s Tomb,” and the nickname stuck. Commanding a hill 270 feet above the Hudson River on the north...


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pp. 279-280


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pp. 281-292

E-ISBN-13: 9781469605838
E-ISBN-10: 146960583X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780807832752
Print-ISBN-10: 0807832758

Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2009

Series Title: Civil War America
Series Editor Byline: Series Editors: Peter S. Carmichael, Gettysburg College; Gary W. Gallagher, University of Virginia; Caroline E. Janney, Purdue University; and Aaron Sheehan-Dean, West Virginia University See more Books in this Series

OCLC Number: 676697183
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Wars within a War

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Social aspects
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Influence
  • Social conflict -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
  • Social conflict -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century.
  • United States -- Social conditions -- To 1865.
  • United States -- Social conditions -- 1865-1918.
  • Confederate States of America -- Social conditions.
  • Southern States -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
  • War and society -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
  • War and society -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century.
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