In this Book

James Henry Hammond and the Old South
summary
From his birth in 1807 to his death in 1864 as Sherman’s troops marched in triumph toward South Carolina, James Henry Hammond witnessed the rise and fall of the cotton kingdom of the Old South. Planter, politician, and partisan of slavery, Hammond built a career for himself that in its breadth and ambition provides a composite portrait of the civilization in which he flourished. A long-awaited biography, Drew Gilpin Faust’s James Henry Hammond and the Old South reveals the South Carolina planter who was at once characteristic of his age and unique among men of his time. Of humble origins, Hammond set out to conquer his society, to make himself a leader and a spokesman for the Old South. Through marriage he acquired a large plantation and many slaves, and then through shrewd management and progressive farming techniques he soon became one of the wealthiest men in South Carolina. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served as governor of his state. A scandal over his personal life forced him to retreat for many years to his plantation, but eventually he returned to public view, winning a seat in the United States Senate that he resigned when South Carolina seceded from the Union. James Henry Hammond’s ambition was unquenchable. It consumed his life, directed almost his every move, and ultimately, in its titanic calculation and rigidity, destroyed the man confined within it. Like Faulkner’s Thomas Sutpen, Faust suggests, Hammond had a “design,” a compulsion to direct every moment of his life toward self-aggrandizement and legitimation. Hammond envisioned himself as the benevolent, paternal, but absolute master of his family and his slaves. But in reality, neither his family, his slaves, nor even his own behavior was completely under his command. Hammond ardently wished to perfect and preserve the southern way of life. But these goals were also beyond his control. At the time of his death it had become clear to him that his world, the world of the Old South, had ended.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Front Matter
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  1. Contents and Illustrations
  2. pp. xiii-xv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. p. xix
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. Part I: To Be Great Among Men
  2. p. 5
  1. Chapter 1. A Father's Pride and Ornament
  2. pp. 7-22
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  1. Chapter 2. Ways and Means
  2. pp. 23-38
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  1. Chapter 3. We Are with the South
  2. pp. 39-57
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  1. Chapter 4. A Means of Extrication
  2. pp. 58-65
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  1. Part II: My Little Kingdom: The World of the Plantation
  2. p. 67
  1. Chapter 5. In Search of Despotic Sway: Hammond as a Master of Slaves
  2. pp. 69-104
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  1. Chapter 6. Our Farms Will Be Our Factories: The Planter as Agricultural Entrepreneur
  2. pp. 105-134
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  1. Part III: The Hazards of Power
  2. p. 135
  1. Chapter 7. A More Elevated Ambition
  2. pp. 137-155
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  1. Chapter 8. Anticipations of Greatness
  2. pp. 156-164
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  1. Chapter 9. Magnificent Intentions
  2. pp. 165-185
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  1. Chapter 10. A Slaveowner in a Free Society
  2. pp. 186-203
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  1. Chapter 11. The Sound of the Trumpet
  2. pp. 204-223
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  1. Chapter 12. The Crisis of My Fate
  2. pp. 224-254
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  1. Part IV: In a Different Sphere
  2. p. 255
  1. Chapter 13. A More Virtuous Energy: Hammond and the Works of Mind
  2. pp. 257-283
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  1. Chapter 14. To Enlighten and Warn the South
  2. pp. 284-303
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  1. Part V: The Irony of Success
  2. p. 305
  1. Chapter 15. A Predominant Family of Our Name
  2. pp. 307-330
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  1. Chapter 16. The Violation of Order
  2. pp. 331-359
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  1. Chapter 17. The Time to Die
  2. pp. 360-379
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 380-382
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  1. Appendix: Charts and Tables
  2. pp. 383-392
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  1. Bibliographical Essay
  2. pp. 393-397
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 399-407
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