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Saharan Frontiers
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The Sahara has long been portrayed as a barrier that divides the Mediterranean world from Africa proper and isolates the countries of the Maghrib from their southern and eastern neighbors. Rather than viewing the desert as an isolating barrier, this volume takes up historian Fernand Braudel's description of the Sahara as "the second face of the Mediterranean." The essays recast the history of the region with the Sahara at its center, uncovering a story of densely interdependent networks that span the desert's vast expanse. They explore the relationship between the desert's "islands" and "shores" and the connections and commonalities that unite the region. Contributors draw on extensive ethnographic and historical research to address topics such as trade and migration; local notions of place, territoriality, and movement; Saharan cities; and the links among ecological, regional, and world-historical approaches to understanding the Sahara.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Note on Spelling and Transliteration
  2. p. ix
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  1. Introduction: Time and Space in the Sahara
  2. pp. 1-21
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  1. PART 1. FRAMING SAHARAN AFRICA
  2. p. 23
  1. 1. Situations Both Alike? Connectivity, the Mediterranean, the Sahara
  2. pp. 25-38
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  1. 2. On Being Saharan
  2. pp. 39-57
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  1. 3. Saharan Trade in Classical Antiquity
  2. pp. 58-72
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  1. 4. Frontiers, Borderlands, and Saharan/World History
  2. pp. 73-90
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  1. PART 2. ENVIRONMENT, TERRITORY, AND COMMUNITY
  2. p. 91
  1. 5. The Rites of Baba Merzug: Diaspora, Ibadism, and Social Status in the Valley of the Mzab
  2. pp. 93-108
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  1. 6. Celebrating Mawlid in Timimoun: Ritual as Words in Motion, Space as Time Stood Still
  2. pp. 109-130
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  1. 7. Villages and Crossroads: Changing Territorialities among the Tuareg of Northern Mali
  2. pp. 131-145
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  1. 8. Ethnicity and Interdependence: Moors and Haalpulaaren in the Senegal Valley
  2. pp. 146-161
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  1. PART 3. STRANGERS, SPACE, AND LABOR
  2. p. 163
  1. 9. Mauritania and the New Frontier of Europe: From Transit to Residence
  2. pp. 165-184
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  1. 10. Living Together and Living Apart in Nouakchott
  2. pp. 185-199
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  1. 11. Cultural Interaction and the Artisanal Economy in Tamanrasset
  2. pp. 200-211
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  1. PART 4. ECONOMIES OF MOVEMENT
  2. p. 213
  1. 12. Notes on the Informal Economy in Southern Morocco
  2. pp. 215-221
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  1. 13. Garage or Caravanserail: Saharan Connectivity in Al-Khalīl, Northern Mali
  2. pp. 222-237
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  1. 14. Movements of People and Goods: Local Impacts and Dynamics of Migration to and through the Central Sahara
  2. pp. 238-256
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 257-258
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 259-281
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 283-284
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 285-291
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  1. Further Reading
  2. p. 293
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