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Catalonia's Advocates

Lawyers, Society, and Politics in Barcelona, 1759-1900

Stephen Jacobson

Publication Year: 2009

Offering a window into the history of the modern legal profession in Western Europe, Stephen Jacobson presents a history of lawyers in the most industrialized city on the Mediterranean. Far from being mere curators of static law, Barcelona's lawyers were at the center of social conflict and political and economic change, mediating between state, family, and society.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Series: Studies in Legal History


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Title PAge, Copyright PAge

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pp. xi-xii

This long-overdue book has gathered many intellectual debts over the years. Numerous scholars have offered insightful comments at conferences and seminars in the United States, Britain, and Spain. The Universitat Pompeu Fabra and King’s College London...

Significant Dates in Spanish History

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Note on Style

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pp. xv-xvi

Necessarily subjective choices must be made when deciding what language to employ for proper names. Both Catalan and Spanish (Castilian) were used in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Catalonia...

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1. Introduction: LAWYERS AND THE CITY

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pp. 1-27

Over the course of what has been termed the “long nineteenth century,” lawyers throughout much of Europe accomplished something rather remarkable. In the late eighteenth century, they constituted an order of experts, modestly comfortable within the privileged...

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pp. 28-67

When did the modern profession emerge? This question, once the focus of an entrenched debate, is worth resuscitating because it has not been satisfactorily answered with regard to the legal profession. At one time, sociologists confidently contended that industrialization...

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3. The Liberal Profession: WAR, REVOLUTION, AND REPRESSION

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pp. 68-106

The study of lawyers and revolution has thus far focused exclusively on the French Revolution.1 Tocqueville first tried to solve the puzzle of why lawyers who had the “tastes and habits of aristocracy” and an “instinctive penchant for order” had “contributed singularly to overturning the French monarchy.”...

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4. The Conservative Profession: INSTITUTIONS, LEADERS, AND THE LAW

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pp. 107-150

In the preceding chapter, we discussed a pamphlet, published in 1821, in which a fictional lawyer didactically explained the virtues of the constitution to a peasant, who, according to the author, belonged to a class of individuals who understood “nothing of current events.”1 As the liberal revolution wound...

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pp. 151-197

Lawyers faced frequent criticism as a result of their enviable success. A conspicuous number of adages reflected popular wisdom and prejudice. Some are innocuous, offering practical advice or poking innocent fun: “To the lawyer, one tells the truth.” “If you think you have fooled the doctor, the confessor, or the lawyer, you are fooling yourself...

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6. The Nationalist Profession: LAW AND CATALANISM

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pp. 198-238

During the last two decades of the nineteenth century, Catalanism grew popular among many lawyers. The bar remained diverse, led by highprofile mercantile and civil advocates closely linked to urban and agrarian elites and dynastic political parties. But many members were not content with the overall state of affairs, for individual...

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7. Conclusion and Epilogue THE SILVER AGE OF THE PROFESSION

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pp. 239-256

Looking back on the history of Barcelona lawyers over the long nineteenth century, even the most skeptical cannot help but take notice. When Charles III ascended to the throne in 1759, the bar was a shadow of its old self: a few dozen litigators discretely went...


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pp. 257-298


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pp. 299-326


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pp. 327-336

E-ISBN-13: 9781469605494
E-ISBN-10: 146960549X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780807832974
Print-ISBN-10: 0807832979

Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2009

Series Title: Studies in Legal History
Series Editor Byline: Robert J. Steinfeld See more Books in this Series

OCLC Number: 503299734
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Catalonia's Advocates

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Law -- Spain -- Catalonia -- History.
  • Law -- Spain -- Barcelona -- History.
  • Lawyers -- Spain -- Catalonia -- History.
  • Practice of law -- Spain -- Catalonia -- History.
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