Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

My first word of thanks goes to the many NU leaders, ulama, activists and intellectuals who welcomed me into their world, shared their insights and struggles with me, and helped me obtain the information, documents and interviews I needed. There are too many to name here, so...

Glossary

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pp. xi-xx

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-23

In the post-9/11 world, scholars and policy makers alike have grappled with the interplay between religion and politics. Islam has garnered a disproportionate amount of attention relative to other world religions. It has been turned upside down in search of insights into its potential...

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2. The Origins of NU and the Conflict with Masyumi

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pp. 24-64

The establishment of NU came about as a direct result of the local and international struggles between modernist and traditionalist Islam. The narratives of NU’s birth written by post-Khittah ’26 scholars sought to cast the organization’s origins in a ‘pure’ religious...

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3. Kembali ke Khittah 1926 and the Discourse on Civil Society

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pp. 65-110

The concept of a ‘return’ to NU’s original socio-religious rather than political orientation was expressed long before ‘Kembali ke Khittah 1926’ (Return to the Guidelines of 1926) became a rallying cry in the early 1980s. Most scholars cite Marijan’s (1992: 132) assertion that...

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4. NU and Reformasi: Political Developments from 1998 to 2001

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pp. 111-151

As the economic crisis hit Indonesia in 1997–98 and the New Order faltered, NU’s stance towards the regime was characteristically divided between accommodation by the leadership and vocal criticism by younger members, with a range of opinions and attitudes...

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5. Reformasi and Khittah '26

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pp. 152-186

This chapter takes a closer look at the response to NU’s return to politics and Abdurrahman Wahid’s rise to the presidency on the part of (1) NU’s 30th National Congress (Muktamar); (2) the PBNU and other official NU bodies; (3) Wahid himself; and (4) NU’s civil...

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6. Conclusion

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pp. 187-199

The fact that Nahdlatul Ulama is the largest mass-based Muslim organization in the world’s largest Muslim nation is reason enough to study it. Add to that the fact that NU gave Indonesia its fourth president, that it has a strong and vibrant civil society movement and that...

Appendices

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pp. 201-210

References

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pp. 211-221

Index

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pp. 223-234

About the Author

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p. 235