Islam and the Secular State in Indonesia
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute
TABLE OF CONTENTS
For the last ten years, popular and academic books on Islam revolve around various aspects of Islamic radicalism. There seems to be no analysis of Islam unless it is rendered with the phenomenon of Islamic radicalism. Books on Indonesian Islam are no exception. The outbreak of religious conflicts since 1998 and...
An earlier version of Chapter 5, “Model 3: Liberal Democratic State” was first published in Luthfi Assyaukanie, Robert Hefner and Azyumardi Azra, Muslim Politics and Democratisation in Indonesia, Annual Indonesian Lecture...
1. ISLAMIC IDEOLOGY AND UTOPIAS
This book is about political thought, particularly about Islamic political thought as demonstrated by Indonesian Muslims since independence. It deals mainly with political change and how Muslims develop their arguments in facing it. The main questions I am concerned with in this study are: Why, for example, did many...
2. MUSLIM RESPONSES TO POLITICAL CHANGE
In its September 2004 edition, the New Statesman addressed a provocative question: Can Islam change? The article, which was written by renowned Muslim scholar Ziauddin Sardar, gave a clear answer: Islam is indeed able to change. What Sardar meant by “Islam” was primarily shari‘ah or Islamic law. It is shari‘ah that regulates...
3. MODEL 1: Islamic Democratic State
The will to establish an independent nation-state based on Islam and democracy had resonated since pre-independence times. As we have seen in Chapter 2, the idea of “nation-state” was broadly accepted by Indonesian Muslims as an ideal political system, despite the fact that they were under non-Muslim colonial...
4. MODEL 2: Religious Democratic State
We have seen that Model 1 failed to become an alternative model of an ideal government in Indonesia. The model’s vision of the state-religion relationship is not applicable to the Indonesian pluralist community. Mohammad Natsir’s and Zainal Abidin Ahmad’s view of equality and of minority political rights is not conducive to...
5. MODEL 3: Liberal Democratic State
Model 3, which will be discussed in this chapter, is a response to various problems of the religion-state relationship that arose in Model 2. It fundamentally criticizes the hegemonic position of the state over people’s religious activities and radically attempts to present a more feasible format of the religion-state...
6. CONTINUITY AND DISCONTINUITY OF THE MODELS
This chapter will discuss the current developments of Muslim political thought. It will highlight the attitude of Muslim intellectuals towards political issues in Indonesia, particularly since the post-Soeharto era. The chapter will also examine the trajectories of the models of polity discussed in the previous chapters. As I...
The history of thought is an elusive area to write about. It has many holes where writers are trapped into making generalizations or simplifications. However, generalizations and simplifications are sometimes necessary in giving an intelligible picture of the complex phenomenon of human thought. There is, however, a...
About the Author
Luthfi Assyaukanie is a deputy director of the Freedom Institute and a senior lecturer at Paramadina University, both in Jakarta. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Melbourne. His Ph.D. thesis, which has now become this book, won the 2007 Chancellor’s Prize from the university. He has published...
Page Count: 262
Publication Year: 2009
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