Front Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright

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Contents

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Introduction

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pp. 1-25

In this book I describe conflicts among three distinct social groups—Indians, religious orders of priests (primarily Jesuits), and settlers (including military personnel)—in the Northwest of Mexico...

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1: Pedro de Perea, His Heirs, and the Colonization of Sonora

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pp. 26-53

Europeans, both priests and settlers, stole land from Indians. Whether they coveted Indians’ lands for settlement, agriculture, mining, creating Christian utopias, or for mere imperial demonstration, the settlers routinely pushed Indians from places...

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2: Father Canal Calls in the Troops

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pp. 54-71

Around the time that Pedro de Perea was attempting to settle at Tuape, Jesuit missionaries had become active on the upper Río Sonora, in that portion of the basin east and north of the canyon now known as Puerta del Sol. A decade earlier, in the late 1620s...

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3: The Conspiracies of 1681

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pp. 72-121

By the late 1650s the Jesuits in Sonora, buoyed by the success of the military campaign against resistant villages, seemed confident that they had overcome general resistance from Natives of the valleys. Other less settled groups from the north and east...

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4: Sorcery in Eastern Sonora

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pp. 122-139

The political unrest of the 1680s seems not to have involved the missions and missionaries themselves to any great degree, though this omission may be a reflection of a deliberate decision by priests.1 They may have chosen to accentuate the peaceful nature...

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5: Father Guerrero Nails Simón García

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pp. 140-167

Priests responded to rumors and accusations of witchcraft in ways as varied as their personalities. While some were stern purifiers of the faith, others paid little attention to curandismo, perhaps because shamanism involved beliefs in the supernatural...

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6: Father Januske and the Indians Take On the Vecinos and Their Livestock

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pp. 168-194

The advent of settlers and miners—Spaniards, people of mixed ancestry, and Indians from other regions—into the northwest of New Spain presented Jesuits with a host of unending headaches. The priests struggled to keep non-Natives out of the missions...

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7: Sonora in 1771: Does the Conflict Deepen or Subside?

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pp. 195-209

/ In 1715 Nueva Vizcaya governor San Juan y Santa Cruz attempted to resolve the conflict between the settlers who introduced cattle and the Indian farmers whose crops the cattle destroyed.1 It is doubtful that his solution was more than temporary...

Appendix: The Tuape Indians’ Legal Struggle to Regain Their Lands

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pp. 210-228

Notes

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pp. 229-264

Glossary

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pp. 265-265

References

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pp. 266-271

Index

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pp. 272-280

Back Cover

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pp. 281-281