In this Book

The Allotment Plot
summary

The Allotment Plot reexamines the history of allotment on the Nez Perce Reservation from 1889 to 1892 to account for and emphasize the Nez Perce side of the story. By including Nez Perce responses to allotment, Nicole Tonkovich argues that the assimilationist aims of allotment ultimately failed due in large part to the agency of the Nez Perce people themselves throughout the allotment process. The Nez Perce were actively involved in negotiating the terms under which allotment would proceed and simultaneously engaged in ongoing efforts to protect their stories and other cultural properties from institutional appropriation by the allotment agent, Alice C. Fletcher, who was a respected anthropologist, and her photographer and assistant, E. Jane Gay. The Nez Perce engagement in this process laid a foundation for the long-term survival of the tribe and its culture.

Making use of previously unknown archival sources, Fletcher’s letters, Gay’s photographs and journalistic accounts, oral tribal histories, and analyses of performances such as parades and verbal negotiations, Tonkovich assembles a masterful portrait of Nez Perce efforts to control their own future and provides a vital counternarrative of the allotment period, which is often portrayed as disastrous to Native polities.
 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright Page
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  1. Contents
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xiii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Introduction: Allotment and Nimiipuu Survivance
  2. pp. 1-37
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  1. Part One. Beginnings
  2. p. 39
  1. Introduction: After the End of Nez Perce History
  2. pp. 41-53
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  1. 1. A False Beginning
  2. pp. 55-71
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  1. 2. Another Beginning
  2. pp. 73-92
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  1. Part Two. Land
  2. p. 93
  1. Introduction: Map and Territory, Space and Place
  2. pp. 95-102
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  1. 3. “The Square Idea”
  2. pp. 103-134
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  1. 4. Ethnographic Knowledge and Native Cartography
  2. pp. 135-164
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  1. Part Three. Citizens
  2. p. 165
  1. Introduction: E Pluribus Unum
  2. pp. 167-173
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  1. 5. Technologies of Citizenship
  2. pp. 175-197
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  1. 6. Fictions of Coherence
  2. pp. 199-218
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  1. Part Four. Endings
  2. p. 219
  1. Introduction: “If the Work Is Ever to Be Finished”
  2. pp. 221-224
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  1. 7. Irresolutions and Incompletions
  2. pp. 225-250
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  1. 8. The Ends of Nez Perce Allotment
  2. pp. 251-267
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  1. Part Five. Afterward
  2. p. 269
  1. Introduction: “Double Pictures Have Met Us All along the Way”
  2. pp. 271-277
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  1. 9. After-Words
  2. pp. 279-298
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  1. 10. After-Images
  2. pp. 299-333
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 335-388
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 389-407
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 409-418
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