All Things Human
Henry Codman Potter and the Social Gospel in the Episcopal Church
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: Studies in Anglican History
To the surprise of many contemporary observers, the Episcopal Church played a central role in the social awakening of white American Protestantism from the end of the Civil War to the start of World War I, an awakening now regarded as continuous with the earlier revivals and awakenings of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries ...
1. A Many-Sided Mission
In 1857, twenty-three years old and the son of the Evangelical bishop of Pennsylvania and nephew of the High Church bishop of New York, Henry Potter began his ministry not in an established urban congregation in Philadelphia but at Christ Church, Greensburgh, a mission church in a small western Pennsylvania town.1 ...
2. Brotherhood and Inequality
One critical set of issues facing American Christians in the nineteenth century was that encompassing slavery, emancipation, and postwar racial reform; rising immigration by people of other than northern European ancestry and other than Protestant religious affiliation; ...
3. The Work and Well-Being of Women
Women were instrumental in the social and ecclesiastical reform movements of the nineteenth century. In the first decades of the century, women were active in the antislavery, peace, and temperance movements; after emancipation they continued to work in these latter two crusades. ...
4. Political Righteousness
Writing in 1912, Walter Rauschenbusch argued that four major social institutions—family, church, education, and politics—had become Christianized because they had “passed through constitutional changes which have made them to some degree part of the organism through which the spirit of Christ can do its work in humanity.” ...
5. Reconciling Labor and Capital
The industrial problem was foremost among the interrelated social issues of concern to Henry Codman Potter and his contemporaries. In his 1876 book, Working People and Their Employers, Washington Gladden observed: “Now that slavery is out of the way, the questions that concern the welfare of our free laborers are coming forward; ...
6. A Work for a Whole Life
In his address to the 1908 New York diocesan convention, delivered four months after the death of Henry Codman Potter, Bishop David Hummel Greer noted that Potter “loved his Church and served it, but his sympathies reached beyond it.” As a result, “without regard to creed or race he loved his fellow men, ...