Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Contents

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p. vii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xvi

My relationship with South Africa began, oddly enough, in a high-school English class. The term apartheid was unknown to me until my senior year in the small, rural Appalachian town of Greeneville, Tennessee. As I sat on the kitchen counter...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xx

This project has been anything but a solitary endeavor. First of all, IDASA staff members in Cape Town, Pretoria, and Durban have been essential to my work logistically and intellectually. Indeed, my work would have been impossible without the support...

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xxi-xxii

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1. Women and the Struggle for Liberation

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pp. 1-29

Through its history of identity politics, the legacy of apartheid, and the methods of its liberation struggle, South Africa demonstrates how processes of liberalization, negotiation, and consolidation can be manifested within a potentially explosive...

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2. Party Politics in the Transition to Democracy

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pp. 30-55

Nobanzi, a former activist and current MP, spoke with me about her first time inside the walls of Parliament, which she initially entered as an antiapartheid activist two years before the 1994 elections. During the constitutional negotiations she and...

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3. Women's Integration in Parliament

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pp. 56-84

In the previous chapters I have discussed the roles women played in the antiapartheid struggle and the obstacles they faced—and to some extent surmounted— in achieving not only a voice but actual presence in their own parties and in Parliament.Most South African parties have by now expressed commitments to increasing...

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4. Class Structure, Role Differentiation, and Gender Identities

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pp. 85-108

Gaining formal political representation for women may be seen as the most significant accomplishment of the women’s movement in South Africa to date. Utilizing collective bargaining and cross-party mobilization, women obtained a remarkable presence in national office.Yet the negotiation period and the transition...

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5. Institutional and Legislative Transformation

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pp. 109-127

The words of Ruth Mompati encapsulate the dichotomy facing women MPs. They clearly made tremendous inroads by gaining national political positions, yet many women were still limited by the inequities they faced in their home lives and their political lives. The goal quickly shifted from getting women into office to changing the system...

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6. Implementing Gender: The National Gender Machinery

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pp. 128-143

Changing South Africa’s commitment to gender equality from a constitutional mandate to a social reality will take the combined efforts of both governmental and nongovernmental organizations.Activists and leading politicians recognized that getting women...

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7. The Second Generation: The Future of Women in Parliament

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pp. 144-158

The women who have remained in or entered Parliament with South Africa’s second democratic election, in 1999, are markedly distinct from the women who gained office in 1994. Simply stated, there has been a rapid “professionalization” within this “second generation.” Women who are being actively recruited into parties now...

Methodological Appendix

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pp. 159-170

Notes

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pp. 171-178

Works Cited

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pp. 179-190

Index

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pp. 191-198