Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. iii

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. v

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-x

Books often come to be written by circuitous paths. This one is no exception. It began as an offshoot of a larger project on the transformation of working-class political culture in the Progressive Era. In the course of that research, I confronted what appeared to be an inescapable conclusion: not only had a “Progressive movement” existed, despite claims by some historians to...

read more

Introduction: Progressives and the Problem of Class

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-11

With the outbreak of the Pullman car shopworkers’ strike in 1894, Jane Addams faced a formidable challenge. She felt torn between sympathy for the strikers and her own desire to bridge the class divisions that the strike revealed. She was frustrated that the arbitration efforts of the Chicago Civic Federation had not borne fruit. As the only member of the arbitration committee...

read more

1. The Labor Problem and the Crisis of the Old Order

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-32

Stalwart labor reformer George McNeill spoke for a growing segment of working-class partisans in the 1880s who believed class conflict had become an endemic feature of industrial society and saw a war of seemingly irreconcilable class interests as inevitable.Nearly a year after the great railroad strikes of 1877,McNeill addressed a grand labor parade and picnic in Chicago on July...

read more

2. Constituting Progressivism

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 33-55

Henry Demarest Lloyd, like many American reformers, viewed the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 as a moment of great, if unrealized, promise. For a brief summer, a planned “White City,” the orderly architecture and carefully orchestrated congresses of which suggested the possibility of a new urban order, materialized on the shores of Lake Michigan. Staged...

read more

3. The Politics of Reform

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 56-82

Jane Addams’s battle with ward boss Johnny Powers gave her a healthy respect for the ability of “corrupt” politicians to insinuate themselves into the lives of their constituents. Local bosses addressed the individual needs of their constituents and cemented political loyalty through human friendliness. She called machine politics “this stalking survival of village kindness.” By contrast...

read more

4. Communities of Reformers

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 83-106

Like many of her contemporaries, Vida Scudder moved within a densely organized world of social reform during the early years of the Progressive Era. The orbits of her activity centered around Boston’s settlements and Wellesley College, where she taught English literature.With her reform colleagues she shared a commitment to harmonizing the interests of the “alienated classes.” ...

read more

5. Class Bridging and the World of Female Reform

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-130

When journalist Rheta Childe Dorr sought to justify women’s active role in public life, she easily turned to a maternalist metaphor that was commonplace among women reformers in 1910.1 That metaphor wove together the “natural” claims of women as moral protectors of home and family with the argument that the fulfillment of such responsibilities required governmental...

read more

6. The Boundaries of Difference

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 131-164

Progressive reformers believed that harmony between the classes would come only by building democratic community.But like Simon Patten, they worried that racial and ethnic differences would impede that progress.1 Society’s capacity to prepare racially distinct people for the responsibilities of citizenship and ultimately assimilate them remained a central problem with...

read more

7. Class Wars and the Crisis of Progressivism

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 165-190

When Frank Walsh accepted the chairmanship of the U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations (USCIR) in the fall of 1913 and its charge to investigate “the causes of industrial unrest,” he publicly expressed views on class conflict that seemed consistent with a tradition of class reconciliation deeply rooted in the mainstream of the Progressive movement.At the same time, he...

read more

Conclusion: War and the Ragged Edges of Reform

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 191-204

The historical record of twentieth-century liberalism is both triumphant and tortured. The roots of this “new liberalism” lay in its critique and, ultimately, abandonment of classical liberalism, with its excessive deference to individual liberty and faith in the natural justice of the marketplace. By the end of the nineteenth century, many reformers believed such principles...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 205-276

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 277-292