In this Book

Negotiating the Livelihoods of Children and Youth in Africa's Urban Spaces
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summary
This book deals with problems facing children and youth in African cities today. African populations have high growth rates and, consequently, relatively high proportions of young people. Population growth in rural areas has stretched resources leading to urban migration and a rapid growth of cities. Economies have not grown apace with the population; and in some countries, economies have even shrunk. The result is a severe lack of resources in cities to meet the needs of the growing populations, shown in high unemployment, inadequate housing, poor services, and often extreme poverty. All the essays in this book draw attention to such urban environments, in which children and youth have to live and survive. The title of this book speaks of negotiating livelihoods. The concept of ëlivelihoodí has been adopted to incorporate the social and physical environment together with peopleís responses to it. It considers not only material, but also human and social resources, including local knowledge and understanding. It, thus, considers the material means for living in a broader context of social and cultural interpretation. It, therefore, does not deal only with material and economic existence, but also with leisure activities, entertainments and other social forms of life developed by young people in response to the dictates of the environment. The book contains country-specific case studies of the problems faced by youths in many African cities, how they develop means to solve them, and the various creative ways through which they improve their status, both economically and socially, in the different urban spaces. It recognizes the potentials of young people in taking control of their lives within the constraints imposed upon them by the society. This book is a valuable contribution to the field of child and youth development, and a useful tool for parents, teachers, academics, researchers as well as government and non government development agencies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright Page
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  1. Contents
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  1. Notes on Contributors
  2. p. vii
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  1. 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-15
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  1. 2. Chômage et conditions d’existence des jeunes de la ville de Ouagadougou
  2. pp. 17-32
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  1. 3. Familles en survie dans un espace défavorisé à Ouagadougou
  2. pp. 33-48
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  1. 4. Villes et créativité des enfants et des jeunes au Cameroun
  2. pp. 49-65
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  1. 5. The Representations of Unaccompanied Working Migrant Male Children Negotiating for Livelihoods in a South African Border Town
  2. pp. 67-85
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  1. 6. Scavenging by Minors at Huruma Garbage Dumpsite: The Children’s Story
  2. pp. 87-103
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  1. 7. Les jeunes commerçants handicapés moteurs dans la négociation de la vie entre Brazzaville et Kinshasa (1970-2009)
  2. pp. 105-122
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  1. 8. Youths’ Poverty and Livelihood Strategies in Fegge, Onitsha Urban Local Government Area, Nigeria
  2. pp. 123-134
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  1. 9. Hunting and Gathering by Children and Youths in Owerri Urban, Nigeria: Negotiating Dietary Supplements
  2. pp. 135-150
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  1. 10. Youth Livelihoods and Karaoke Work in Kampala’s Nightlife Spaces
  2. pp. 151-168
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  1. 11. Patronage of Local Cinema Halls among Urban Youths in Ado Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria
  2. pp. 169-185
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  1. 12. Dynamique urbaine et nouvelles formes de négociation de l’existence sociale : les jeunes et les « grins de thé » dans la ville de Ouagadougou
  2. pp. 187-199
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  1. 13. The Value of Socialization in Negotiating Livelihoods among the Youth: A Case of Bugembe Youth Group in Uganda
  2. pp. 201-216
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  1. 14. La « prostitution alimentaire » juvénile à Yaoundé
  2. pp. 217-228
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  1. 15. The Trajectories of Survival of the Mungiki Youth in Nairobi
  2. pp. 229-245
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  1. Back Cover
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