In this Book

The Present State of Germany
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Although The Present State of Germany was first made available in English over three centuries ago, it has been virtually unavailable in English since the period of the American Founding.

By 1696, Pufendorf was well known in England as a staunch defender of the Protestant cause and as one of the renovators of natural law. His writings were familiar to such luminaries as Locke and figured prominently in James Tyrell’s Patriarcha non Monarcha (1681).

The editor of this volume, Michael J. Seidler, describes this work of Pufendorf as “an account of German constitutional law detailing the historical relations between the Emperor and the Estates as well as an examination of the legitimating foundations of Imperial authority, a general analysis of the nature and requirements of political sovereignty, and a reconceptualization of the different forms of political order. . . . Its central distinction between so-called regular and irregular states, resting on the question of the locus of sovereignty, demotes the traditional political categories into mere administrative possibilities and thereby creates a more general problematic of freedom and authority with which we are still wrestling today. That is, it raises, at a very early stage in the contractarian tradition which we have inherited, the basic question of how effective political unity is compatible with competing values of diversity and individual liberty.”

Samuel Pufendorf (1632–1694) was one of the most important figures in early-modern political thought. An exact contemporary of Locke and Spinoza, he transformed the natural law theories of Grotius and Hobbes, developed striking ideas of toleration and of the relationship between church and state, and wrote extensive political histories and analyses of the constitution of the German empire.

Edmund Bohun (1645–1699) was an English press license official and political writer who ended up as chief justice of South Carolina.

Michael J. Seidler is Professor of Philosophy at Western Kentucky University.

Knud Haakonssen is Professor of Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. ix-xxviii
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  1. A Note on the Text
  2. pp. xxix-xxxiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xxxv-xxxvi
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  1. The Present State of Germany
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. Pufendorf's Preface to the First Edition of 16671
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. Preface to the Second Edition (1706)1
  2. pp. 9-10
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  1. To the Reader
  2. pp. 15-16
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  1. The Contents1
  2. pp. 17-24
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  1. Chapter I. Of the Origene of the German Empire
  2. pp. 25-48
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  1. Chapter II. Of the Members of which the present German Empire is composed
  2. pp. 49-79
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  1. Chapter III. Of the Origene of the States of the Empire; and by what Degrees they arrived to that Power they now have
  2. pp. 80-95
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  1. Chapter IV. Of the Head of the German Empire, the Emperor, and of the Election and the Electors
  2. pp. 96-110
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  1. Chapter V. Of the Power of the Emperor, as it now stands limited by Treaties; and the Laws and Customs of the Empire; and the Rights of the States of Germany
  2. pp. 111-158
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  1. Chapter VI. Of the Form of the German Empire1
  2. pp. 159-178
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  1. Chapter VII. Of the Strength and Diseases of the German Empire
  2. pp. 179-209
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  1. Chapter VIII. Of the German State-Interest
  2. pp. 210-248
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 249-258
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 259-273
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  1. Publication Information
  2. p. 274
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