Varieties of Religious Authority
Changes and Challenges in 20th Century Indonesian Islam
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute
Title Page, Copyright
TABLE OF CONTENTS
About the Contributors
The research programme leading to this publication was made possible through financial support from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) in the framework......
The twentieth century was a period of profound political, social and religious changes in Indonesia. From a Dutch colony, Indonesia, the country with the largest number of Muslims in the world, was transformed into an independent, semi-secular state, in...
1. THE REDEFINITION OF RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY AMONG SOUTH ASIAN MUSLIMS FROM 1919 TO 1956, by Marc Gaborieau
Authority in the abstract sense — as distinguished from shear power, force or violence — can be defined in Weberian terms as the right to impose obedience in the name of common values and rules of conduct, shared by those who exercise this authority and those who are submitted to it (Hardy 1986, pp. 42–43). Religious authority...
2. UNDERSTANDING AL-IMAM’S CRITIQUE OF TARIQA SUFISM, by Michael Laffan
The dissemination of Islam in Indonesia in the twentieth century has been a process inextricably bound up with the active engagement of Southeast Asians with their emerging national communities. As Benedict Anderson has argued, such communities...
3. TRADITIONAL ISLAMAND MODERNITY: Some Notes on the Changing Role of the Ulama in Early Twentieth Indonesia, by Jajat Burhanudin
But, ironically, while print enabled ulama to greatly extend their influence in public affairs, it was also doing serious damage to the roots of their authority. By printing the Islamic classics, and the print run for a major text could be as many as ten...
4. THE ROLE AND IDENTITY OF RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES IN THE NATION STATE: Egypt, Indonesia, and South Africa Compared, by Abdulkader Tayob
The transformation of Muslim societies has created new opportunities for Islam’s religious scholars. Ulama have proved more resilient than earlier predictions that they would sooner or later be replaced by new elites. They have shown that the technocrats and bureaucrats of modernization and progress could not...
5. AUTHORITY CONTESTED: Mathla’ul Anwar in the Last Years of the New Order, by Didin Nurul Rosidin
Mathla’ul Anwar (Matla‘u al-Anwar) along with its madrasah was founded in 1916 by a group of Bantenese religious teachers (kiyai)1 as an immediate response towards both the massive introduction of secular schools by the Dutch colonial government following the issuance of the Ethical Policy and the declining effectiveness of...
6. STRUGGLE FOR AUTHORITY: Between Formal Religious Institution and Informal-local Leaders, by Machasin
In the history of Indonesian Islam, especially in Java, ulama (kiai, ajengan, tuan guru, tengku, buya) played a hugely significant role in the life of the people because of their position in the “Islamic” community. For centuries they had a dominant position...
7. THE INDONESIAN MADRASAH: Islamic Reform and Modernization of Indonesian Islam in the Twentieth Century, by Arief Subhan
The madrasah is one of the important Islamic educational institutions in Indonesia. Emerging in the late nineteenth century, in the early period of its development the madrasah tended to compete with the Dutch education offered by the colonial government...
8. FROM APOLITICAL QUIETISM TO JIHADIST ACTIVISM: “Salafis”, Political Mobilization, and Drama of Jihad in Indonesia, by Noorhaidi Hasan
Jihad is often perceived as an expression of religious fanaticism and is mostly associated with the outrageous acts of irrational, insane individuals inspired by their firm belief in radical religious doctrines. Although there is some plausibility in this perception, it fails to uncover the deeper meaning of jihad. Jihad is also...
9. FROM HANDLING WATER IN A GLASS TO COPING WITH AN OCEAN: Shifts in Religious Authority in Indonesia, by Andrée Feillard
Two major Muslim organizations, the so-called “traditionalist” Nahdlatul Ulama and “reformist” Muhammadiyah,1 are habitually said to dominate Indonesian Islam, and are thus presented as the religious pillars of the country’s stability. To evaluate...
10. RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY AND THE SUPERNATURAL, by Kees van Dijk
Many topics have been discussed by staff, researchers and visiting exchange fellows of the “Islam in Indonesia: the Dissemination of Religious Authority in Twentieth Century Indonesia” programme. In accordance with the subdivisions of the programme, their studies were clustered around four main themes: ulama and fatwa...
Page Count: 211
Publication Year: 2010
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