Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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p. vii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-21

It is necessary to provide you, the reader, with an idea about the scope and nature of this military analysis of the campaigns of Muhammad, along with a few of the important specialized terms and the types of sources used. In the modern world...

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1. Revolution

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pp. 22-50

Muhammad’s life did not start out remarkably. He was born in the Hashim clan of the Quraysh, the leading tribe that controlled Makkah. However, the Hashim clan had fallen on hard times and was in decline.1 This was exacerbated by Muhammad’s own immediate circumstances, for his father died around...

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2. The Insurgency Grows

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pp. 51-77

As Muhammad’s camel approached Madinah, most traditional accounts state that the people poured forth in acclamation. However, there are sources that suggest the people were more frightened than jubilant, a sure indication of the tension brought by the Prophet and his intent on waging war...

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3. The Road to Badr

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pp. 78-103

It took the prophet about seven months to organize his first expedition. 1 While there is some disagreement among the sources as to which expedition came first, for our purposes here this is immaterial. For the sake of clarity, the analysis made of these operations will generally follow the timeline established...

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4. From Elation to Despair

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pp. 104-132

One of the first things Muhammad did when he returned to Madinah after the astonishing Muslim victory at Badr was to sit down and relax in his mosque. Such was well deserved, for the Prophet had risked everything, staking the entire future on one moment to achieve his triumph. He was certainly...

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5. From the Mountain to the Trench

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pp. 133-167

The Muslim defeat at Uhud could have been decisive, but the Quraysh had failed to plan on following up any victory. Having withdrawn back to Makkah, they left Muhammad and the Muslims in position to recover from their loss and rebuild their movement. For the first six months after the defeat, from...

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6. The Surge

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pp. 168-192

After the destruction of the Banu Qurayzah in January 627, Muhammad allowed his fighters to take a well-deserved break. It would seem that during this interlude he increased his horse-mounted force sixfold, organizing a cavalry...

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7. Triumph

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pp. 193-230

The Treaty of al-Hudaybiyah had been a “signal victory” for the Prophet. For the Quraysh, the immediate success of having stopped Muhammad’s raids was offset by the ongoing trade boycotts against them, the rising tide of famine in the city of Makkah, and the unexpected onslaught of Abu Basir’s...

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8. The Generalship of Muhammad, the Prophet of Allah

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pp. 231-250

It had been twenty-three years from the time Muhammad took on the task to be the Prophet of Allah to the pinnacle of his triumph and death. He had gone from keeping his followers a closely guarded secret to being the de facto king of most of Arabia, although there were still some pockets of resistance...

Glossary of Terms

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pp. 251-254

Notes

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pp. 255-298

Bibliography

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pp. 299-308

Index

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pp. 309-317

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About the Author

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pp. 327-327

Russ Rodgers is currently command historian with the U.S. Army and former adjunct professor of history. His previous publications include Fundamentals of Islamic Asymmetric Warfare: A Documentary Analysis of the Principles...