Cover

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Contents

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p. ix

List of Figures

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p. xi

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Introduction. Great Expectations: The Imaginative Literature of the Confederate States of America

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pp. 1-17

For nearly 150 years there has seemingly been a critical consensus that Confederate imaginative literature is not worthy of extensive consideration. Despite consistent, even obsessive interest in the most obscure aspects of American Civil War culture, literary historians have largely ignored the poetry, fiction, drama, music, and criticism produced in the Confederate States...

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One. A History of the Future: Southern Literary Nationalism before the Confederacy

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pp. 18-62

I begin with a pithy, pretty piece of apocrypha, one retold with some regularity in literary histories of the pre-Confederate South: that the 1856 Southern Commercial Convention in Savannah passed the following resolution: “Resolved, That there be a Southern Literature. Resolved, That William Gilmore Simms, L.L.D., be requested to write this literature”...

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Two. A New Experiment in the Art of Book-Making: Engendering the Confederate National Novel

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pp. 63-98

In the scant criticism that attends Augusta Jane Evans’s Confederate nationalist novel Macaria; or Altars of Sacrifice (1864), there is an anecdote retold with almost absurd regularity: that Evans’s immensely popular wartime novel was deemed “contraband and dangerous” by Union general G. H. Thomas, who, it is said, forbid his troops from reading it (Fidler, Augusta Evans Wilson 107). ...

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Three. Southern Amaranths: Popularity, Occasion, and Media in a Confederate Poetics of Place

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pp. 99-142

Published in the first days of the Civil War centennial, Edmund Wilson’s Patriotic Gore offered what was for decades the final word on the poetry of the “war between brothers”: “The period of the Civil War was not at all a favorable one for poetry. An immense amount of verse was written in connection with the war itself, but today it makes barren reading” (466). ...

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Four. The Music of Mars: Confederate Song, North and South

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pp. 143-172

In Behind the Scenes, or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (1868), Elizabeth Keckley, former slave and modiste to Mary Todd Lincoln, shares a provocative anecdote about President Lincoln and the Confederate anthem “Dixie.” Writing of Robert E. Lee’s imminent surrender, Keckley records an exhausted Lincoln’s speech from early April 1865...

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Five. In Dreamland: The Confederate Memoir at Home and Abroad

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pp. 173-203

In 1876 the Philadelphia publisher H. W. Kelley produced a broadside advertisement for a new Civil War narrative, The Woman in Battle: A Narrative of the Exploits, Adventures, and Travels of Madame Loreta Janeta Velazquez. The broadside claimed, with seeming hyperbole, that The Woman in Battle charts a “career of adventure which has never been paralleled on this continent”...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 205-207

Let me begin by acknowledging my teachers: at Lakeridge, Karen Hoppes; at Vanderbilt, Teresa Goddu, Roy Gottfried, Mark Schoenfield, Sheila Smith McKoy, and Cecelia Tichi; and at Northwestern, Brian T. Edwards, Betsy Erkkila, Wendy Griswold, Jay Grossman, Larry Lipking, Jeffrey Masten, Carl Smith, and Julia Stern. Teresa, Julia, and Betsy deserve special thanks. ...

Notes

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pp. 209-240

Works Cited

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pp. 241-264

Index

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pp. 265-277