In this Book

Indians and British Outposts in Eighteenth-Century America
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summary

This fascinating look at the cultural and military importance of British forts in the colonial era explains how these forts served as communities in Indian country more than as bastions of British imperial power. Their security depended on maintaining good relations with the local Native Americans, who incorporated the forts into their economic and social life as well as into their strategies.

Daniel Ingram uses official British records, traveler accounts, archaeological findings, and ethnographic information to reveal native contributions to the forts' stories. Conducting in-depth research at five different forts, he looked for features that seemed to arise from Native American culture rather than British imperial culture. His fresh perspective reveals that British fort culture was heavily influenced, and in some cases guided, by the very people these outposts of empire were meant to impress and subdue.

In this volume, Ingram recaptures the significance of small-scale encounters as vital features of the colonial American story, without arguing their importance in larger imperial frameworks. He specifically seeks to reorient the meaning of British military and provincial backcountry forts away from their customary roles as harbingers of European imperial domination.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. p. ix
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiii
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  1. Introduction: British Forts and Indian Neighbors
  2. pp. 1-26
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  1. 1. The Key to Carolina: Old Hop, Little Carpenter, and the Making of Fort Loudoun, 1756–1759
  2. pp. 27-58
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  1. 2. Anxious Hospitality: Loitering at Fort Allen, 1756–1761
  2. pp. 59-87
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  1. 3. The Greatest Mart of All Trade: Food, Drink, and Interdependence at Michilimackinac, 1761–1796
  2. pp. 88-120
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  1. 4. A Year at Niagara: Violence, Diplomacy, and Coexistence in the Eastern Great Lakes, 1763–1764
  2. pp. 121-155
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  1. 5. Like Stars That Fall: Keeping Up Appearances at Fort Chartres, 1765–1772
  2. pp. 156-192
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  1. Conclusion: The Mohawks’ New World
  2. pp. 193-201
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 203-234
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 235-248
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 249-257
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