Cover

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Frontispiece

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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p. ix

For seeing me begin this journey, I want to thank the late Paula Gunn Allen, Michael Colacurcio, and Eric Sundquist of the University of California, Los Angeles. Their belief in the validity of the undertaking and their material assistance were invaluable. For bibliographic support, I want...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xxiii

When Massachusetts Natives met English settlers in 1620, literary events took place. The American Indian oral tradition confronted English-speaking immigrants and changed their discursive propensities. As the English-speaking immigrants wrote, they produced a new literature that...

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Prelude: The Beginning They Told

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p. 1

Stories came first. They spun the earth into being and gave it shape. When their work was completed, they disappeared into what they had just created. After the stories were safely hidden, Holy People and animals appeared on the earth’s surface and made everything useful and good. Finally humans arrived...

Part the First: Preparing the Ground

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p. 3

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1. Land and Medicine

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pp. 5-18

Of Plimoth Plantation exhibits certain characteristics of Native healing narratives, the most powerful of all Native genres. These ceremonial texts, designed to effect change, incorporate narrative, song, poetry, dance, and sacred objects in a prescribed form. The chants are composed of...

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2. The Earth as Narrative Source

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pp. 19-38

The most important stratum of narrative in a medicine text is its land narrative, which, among other things, sets spatial boundaries and prescribes the work’s major themes. Of Plimoth Plantation has a land narrative that assumes ritual form and demonstrates spatial and thematic content...

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3. The Ritual Meeting of Two Cultures

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pp. 39-55

The Mayflower had touched American shores in November 1620. After exploring their new homeland for several weeks, the Newcomers finally located a place “fitt for situation; at least it was ye best they could find, and ye season, & their presente necessitie, made them glad to accepte...

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4. Corn and Wampum

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pp. 56-70

Running through Bradford’s chronicle is a narrative of corn, which at midpoint transforms into a narrative of wampum. This lustrous, gold-changing-to-white-then-purple strand of Bradford’s text replicates mottled kernels of Indian corn while it illuminates a work grounded...

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5. Animals and Tricksters

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pp. 71-86

Human characters, or characters understood to be human, play minor roles in American Indian medicine texts. There is, however, a blurring between entities described as human and those described as animal. A Micmac storyteller explains the concept like this: “In the beginning...

Part the Second: The People and American Literature

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p. 87

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6. The Native Hagiography

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pp. 89-104

Written documents recounting the colonists’ experiences with American Indians accumulated quickly in the early days of the new nation, and concurrently a European American oral tradition that further preserved accounts of American Indian agency in English affairs also developed...

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7. Tisquantum

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pp. 105-120

Death came suddenly and unexpectedly to Tisquantum in the autumn of 1622. Although his sojourn among the Plymoutheans had been brief, his legacy to them was apocryphal, long-lived, and far-reaching. Pniese, poet, and shape-shifter, it is hardly remarkable that such an extraordinary...

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8. The Indeans

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pp. 121-133

Though not as prolix as Bradford, Winslow made his own inestimable contributions to Old Algonquia’s written history. The embers from his fires often explode with fascinating vignettes of Algonquian men and women. He relished his encounters with American Natives, and...

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9. Of Plimoth Plantation as Medicine Text

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pp. 134-145

Of Plimoth Plantation is an artfully designed narrative construct divided into two parts that differ in form, length, style, and content. The first book, consisting of 104 pages, bears the title, Of Plimoth Plantation, and is divided into chapters designated “1. Chapter.,” “2. Chap.,” and the like...

Cherokee Glossary

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pp. 147-149

Notes

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pp. 151-162

Bibliography

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pp. 163-184

Index

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pp. 185-192

About the Author

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p. 193