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Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America
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summary

Military engagements in Latin America between 1850 and 1950 helped shape emerging nation states and collective consciousness in profound and formative ways. This century, known as the liberal period, was an important time for state formation in the region, as well as for the development of current national borders.

This collection of essays aims to assess the role black and indigenous Latin Americans played in the military struggles of this period, and how these efforts contributed to the formation of ideas about race and national identity. While some indigenous people and Afro-Latin Americans came into closer contact with the descendents of colonizers as a result of military service, others turned inward with strengthened ties to their local communities. Many were at times victims of violent conflicts in Latin America, but they surprisingly also shaped the outcome of these wars and employed the wars to advance their own political agendas. The book offers exciting new interpretations and explanations of this key period in Latin American history.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Map 1. Map of Central America and Colombia
  2. p. xv
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  1. Map 2. Map of Cuba and Mexico
  2. p. xvi
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  1. Map 3. Map of Argentina, Paraguay and Chile
  2. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. Introduction: Decentering War: Military Struggle, Nationalism, and Black and Indigenous Populations in Latin America, 1850–1950
  2. pp. 1-22
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  1. Part I. Soldiering and Citizenship
  2. pp. 23-24
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  1. 1. Subaltern Strategies of Citizenship and Soldiering in Colombia’s Civil Wars: Afro- and Indigenous Colombians’ Experiences in the Cauca, 1851–1877
  2. pp. 25-41
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  1. 2. Soldiers and Statesmen: Race, Liberalism, and the Paradoxes of Afro-Nicaraguan Military Service, 1844–1863
  2. pp. 42-58
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  1. 3. Afro-Cubans in Cuba’s War for Independence, 1895–1898
  2. pp. 59-82
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  1. 4. Monteneros and Macheteros: Afro-Ecuadorian and Indigenous Experiences of Military Struggle in Liberal Ecuador, 1895–1930
  2. pp. 83-106
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  1. 5. Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914
  2. pp. 107-135
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  1. 6. Mayan Soldier-Citizens: Ethnic Pride in the Guatemalan Military, 1925–1945
  2. pp. 136-156
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  1. Part II. War and the Racing of National Boundaries and Imaginaries
  2. pp. 157-158
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  1. 7. Indigenous Peoples of Brazil and the War of the Triple Alliance, 1864–1870
  2. pp. 159-174
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  1. 8. Illustrating Race and Nation in the Paraguayan War Era: Exploring the Decline of the Tupi Guarani Warrior as the Embodiment of Brazil
  2. pp. 175-203
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  1. 9. The Conquest of the Desert and the Free Indigenous Communities of the Argentine Plains
  2. pp. 204-223
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  1. 10. “The Slayer of Victorio Bears His Honors Quietly”: Tarahumaras and the Apache Wars in Nineteenth-Century Mexico
  2. pp. 224-242
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  1. 11. Embattled Identities in Postcolonial Chile: Race, Region, and Nation during the War of the Pacific, 1879–1884
  2. pp. 243-262
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  1. 12. Racial Conflict and Identity Crisis in Wartime Peru: Revisiting the Cañete Massacre of 1881
  2. pp. 263-285
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  1. 13. Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions: The Chaco War and Indigenous People in Paraguay
  2. pp. 286-306
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 307-340
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 341-342
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 343-350
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