Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xi

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Introduction

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pp. xiii-xx

This book, the first monograph in English to examine aspects of medieval Japanese medical history, is largely based on a study of the medical writings of the Buddhist priest and physician Kajiwara Shōzen 梶原性全 (1265–1337).1 His two extant works—the Ton’ishō 頓医抄 (Book of the Simple Physician) of 13042 and the Man’anpō 万安方 (Myriad Relief ...

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Chapter 1 The Kamakura Context

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pp. 1-24

Coinciding with the onset of a second wave of Chinese cultural influence on Japan, the Kamakura era was characterized by unprecedented change and mobility, new opportunities for interaction, and challenges to existing forms of institutional, religious, and cultural authority.1 While this did not mean that older forms and conventions were suddenly swept aside or even ...

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Chapter 2 Song Medicine: A View f rom Japan

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pp. 25-45

This chapter aims to convey a sense of the impact of Song medical texts in medieval Japan by looking at two general themes. The first is how access to Song medical texts restructured the landscape of knowledge about medicine in Japan. For this I examine the background of Japanese medical writing, the scale of Song medical writing, and some of what was learned about ...

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Chapter 3 A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas

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pp. 46-66

This chapter highlights the pharmaceutical aspects of the new knowledge available in the East Asian macroculture and shows how Shōzen was a beneficiary of access to and information about materia medica transported along what I call the Pharmaceutical Silk Road. Five topics are discussed: first, the increasing availability of overseas materia medica; second, the ...

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Chapter 4 Leprosy, Buddhist Karmic Illness, and Song Medicine

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pp. 67-88

We do not know how prevalent the disease of rai 癩 (in modern times, the term for Hansen’s disease or leprosy) was prior to the Kamakura era, and we do not know how common it was even during that era. However, rai leprosy and the condition of those who contracted it were significant medical, social, and religious issues during Kajiwara Shōzen’s lifetime. The ...

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Chapter 5 Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge

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pp. 89-112

The preceding chapters have looked at the engagement of Song medical knowledge in a time of peace. The environment was conducive to acquiring books, to gauging the efficacy of medicines, and to spending extended periods of time reflecting upon medicine, and it facilitated ready access to a wide range of materia medica. In 1333, however, four years before ...

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Epilogue Engaging Song Medical Knowledge

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pp. 113-119

The preceding chapters have taken up several topics relating to the acquisition of medical writings, the engagement of a new pharmaceutical regime, and some reasons for and ways in which new information was understood and integrated. Here I would like to make a number of broader observations relating to the appropriation, testing, and refining of medical knowledge...

Abbreviations

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p. 121

Notes

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pp. 123-157

Glossary

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pp. 159-166

Bibliography

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pp. 167-189

Index

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pp. 191-202