Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. ix

This book could not have seen the light of day were it not for the help of our friends. Marric Buessing, Luke Delorme, Joel Lieginger, and Kevin Meme, all at the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, provided excellent research assistance. Andrew Eschtruth and Francis Vitagliano, also...

read more

1. Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-20

The retirement of the baby boomers will initiate a dramatic aging of the U.S. population. The baby boom, the large generation born between 1946 and 1964, is currently of working age. But the entire generation turns 65, the traditional work-retirement divide, between 2010...

read more

2. The Creation of Modern Retirement Income Systems

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 21-42

The elderly in modern industrial economies get the bulk of their income from two main sources—government old-age pensions and government subsidized and regulated employer-based plans. This is strikingly new. Prior to 1900, retirement itself was rare. Only as the...

read more

3. The Retirement Income Challenge Facing the United States

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 43-67

The U.S. retirement income system, like the systems in other industrial nations, faces major demographic and economic challenges going forward. As discussed in the introduction, population aging over the next quarter century will raise the cost of promised Social Security...

read more

4. Lessons from the United Kingdom: Privatization and a Safety Net

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 69-90

The United Kingdom has included equity investment in its Social Security program along the lines of the “carve-out” individual account approach. The goal of the reform was to restore solvency, reduce dependence on the state, and increase reliance on individual initiative and...

read more

5. Lessons from Australia: Mandating “Add-On” Individual Accounts

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-106

Australia introduced equity investments into its Social Security program along the lines of the “add-on” individual retirement account approach. The analogy is not perfect. The mandatory contributions to Australia’s individual accounts, which were introduced in the 1990s...

read more

6. Lessons from Canada: Investing the Trust Fund in Equities

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-126

Canada introduced equity investments into its Social Security program by using the “trust fund investment” approach; it was the first of the four Anglo-Saxon nations under review to expand its retirement income system. The legislation was enacted by the end of the 1960s...

read more

7. Conclusions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 127-143

The U.S. retirement income system faces an enormous challenge, with the transition to a much older society about to begin. The now dominant 401(k) plans have not produced the accumulations that people will need for a secure retirement, and the backbone of the retirement...

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 145-156

About the Authors

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. 157

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-169

About the Institute

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. 171