Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vi-vii

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. vii

On May 4, 1970, an international spotlight focused on Kent State University after a student protest against the Vietnam War and the presence of the Ohio National Guard on campus ended in tragedy. Twenty-eight guardsmen fired sixty-seven shots in thirteen seconds...

Part I From History to Humanity

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 3-7

“What three things can never be done?” American poet Muriel Rukeyser asks in The Book of the Dead, her epic that memorializes 476 West Virginia miners who died of silicosis building a tunnel for Union Carbide in the early 1930s. Rukeyser responds to her own question with chilling and exacting reprehension: “Forget. Keep silent. Stand alone.”1 For more than...

read more

Kent State and Historical Memory

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 8-29

As news spread in May 1970 of the fatal shootings at Kent State University (KSU), outraged students throughout the country went on strike to protest the violent suppression of peaceful dissent, while countless other people expressed the view that Kent’s protesters only got what was coming to them. In many ways the simultaneous outrage and backlash framed...

read more

Kent State Comes to Canada

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 30-48

The Vietnam War and the movement that arose in opposition to it have been framed as American phenomena. American men donned uniforms and weapons and fought America’s war in Southeast Asia, while back home an increasing number of Americans protested the war. That the Vietnamese played significant roles on both sides of the war is secondary...

read more

Remembering Injustice and the Social Construction of Silence

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 49-64

Silence is a place where no one says what everyone knows. In the face of injustice, silence of this kind conveys complicity. These remarks are addressed to you, the silence-breakers, who recognize, with Joseph Brodsky, that “the past won’t fit into memory without something left over. It must have a future.”1 It is your achievement to shape that future through...

Part II Corporate Media Culture and Public Memory

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 67-72

Columnist Walter Lippmann once claimed that the media are our windows to the world—particularly the world beyond our direct experience.1 In the years since, media scholars have devoted considerable attention to ascertaining the media’s influence on our opinions...

read more

Visualizing the Limits of Democracy in the Silence of the Cold War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 73-85

On the eve of World War II, Henry Luce, the editor-in-chief of Life magazine, published an article laying out his dream for “the American Century.”1 He believed that if American democracy became a model for others, all the world’s peoples could be lifted “from the level of the beast to . . . a little lower than the angels.”2 Americans embraced his ideological...

read more

Lost History/Lost Democracy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 86-102

Speculation about the United States getting over the sixties is an almost reflexive media preoccupation that goes back to the end of the 1960s decade itself.1 In 2008, Barack Obama’s campaign for the presidency provided the mass media with yet another irresistible opportunity...

read more

“Of Loss and Learning”

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 103-116

The stories accompanying these headlines made up the Akron Beacon Journal’s Pulitzer Prize–winning entry for coverage of the shootings at Kent State in 1970. Murray Powers, then a Kent State University journalism professor and formerly the Beacon Journal’s managing editor, wrote in his four-paragraph letter nominating the newspaper for a Pulitzer...

read more

Wars on Trial in Three Landmark Documentary Films

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 117-134

In the years since World War II, events have left the living with terrible, traumatic memories and moral questions they can remember only with pain, but cannot and must not forget. Do images give us a way to remember the conditions of war, and reflect ethically upon them? It has...

Part III Memory, History, and Justice

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 137-141

One of the key questions raised by the 2009 Kent State University Symposium on Democracy concerned the nature of memory and how individuals and society choose to remember or, in some cases, not remember events of the collective past. The conference’s focus on remembering......

read more

The Role of Forgetting in Remembering

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 142-158

I graduated from Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, twenty-five years after Ernest Green. I did not know this until nearly fifteen years later, when I became part of the official memory-making process by serving on the Planning Committee of the Central High Museum Visitor Center and the Advisory Committee to the Little Rock Central High Anniversary Commission...

read more

Confronting the Legacies of Violence

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-175

Shots ring out as a group of heavily armed men opens fire on unarmed, peaceful protesters gathered for a demonstration. Several fall, mortally wounded; more are injured, some very seriously. Afterward, those in positions of authority and many in the larger community blame the protesters: it was their fault for making trouble; they were outside agitators seeking...

read more

Social Remembering and Kent State

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 176-193

Shortly after the events of May 4, 1970, when members of the Ohio National Guard fired into a crowd of unarmed Kent State University students, killing four and wounding nine others, people began calling for ways to remember the fallen and injured students. It is generally assumed that the social remembering of an important cultural event is a good thing. This is particularly true when the remembering concerns events that have...

Appendix: This We Know

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 194-227

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 228-241

Contributors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 242-244

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 245-257