Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. vii

Abbreviations of Milton’s Writings

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pp. ix-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

A Variorum Commentary on the Poems of John Milton has been a work in progress for over half a century. Another step in bringing closure to that monumental work, this volume on books 11–12 of Paradise Lost, like the volumes on book 4 and on Samson Agonistes published by Duquesne University Press in 2009, is a tangible sign of the scholarly...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xx

I am deeply grateful to those scholars who involved or sustained me in this project. The late John M. Steadman, former editor for both Paradise Lost and Samson Agonistes, and always supportive of my scholarship, very kindly recommended me as the contributing editor for this volume, and general editor Albert C. Labriola very firmly insisted...

A Note on the Annotations

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p. xxi

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Commentary: Introductory Note

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pp. 1-8

Critical discussions of books 11 and 12 of Paradise Lost often focus on the entwined questions of whether the final two books are artistically equal to the preceding ten and what the books represent in themes, structures, or genres. Neoclassical critics initially complained that the ending was not happy enough for an epic, whereas some early twentieth century...

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Book 11

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pp. 9-198

The Argument: The second edition of 1674, which divided the original book 10 into books 11 and 12, also divided the original 1668 Argument between the two new books. He makes intercession: cf. DocCh 1.15, which specifies Christ’s intercession as, first, appearing on humanity’s behalf before God and, second, “rendering our prayers agreeable to God”...

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Book 12

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pp. 199-348

The Argument. The original Argument from book 10 was divided between the two new books 11 and 12, and the 1668 phrase . . . Flood; thence from the Flood relates, and by degrees explains, who becomes 1672 [book 11] . . . Flood. [book 12] The Angel Michael continues from the Flood to relate what shall succeed; then, in the mention of Abraham...

Works Cited

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pp. 349-374

Index

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pp. 375-393