Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

Author

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pp. ix-x

Translators

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pp. xi-xii

Preface

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-42

Korea is a nation with a 5,000-year history. Due to its location on the periphery of the East Asian cultural belt, Korea had been heavily influenced by Chinese civilizations since ancient times. Nevertheless, Korea has constructed its own unique cultural traditions, independent of those of China. As a cultured people, Koreans established their own original scientific and technological...

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Chapter 1

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pp. 43-156

When gazing at the shining stars in the clear night sky, few people realize that these stars are in constant movement. Th e stars only reveal this mystery to those who observe them carefully. Th e science of the sky began with these vast heavens, infinite stars, the sun, the moon and our planet, the Earth....

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Chapter 2

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pp. 157-236

Chemistry began with the human manipulation of fire. Th rough this event, humans wrought a change in nature with their own hands for the first time. Fire was then used to bake vessels from clay, and later to smelt copper to make metal ware. Th is harmony of fire and earth brought about a transformation that marked the inception of metallurgy. Th e Bronze Age culture of the...

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Chapter 3

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pp. 237-279

In early August 1989, aft er attending the symposium of the International Society for the History of East Asian Science at Cambridge University, I paid a visit to the British Museum. It had been a few years since I had been there last. Despite the extreme heat on that summer day, the museum was swarming with people. People from all regions of the world, speaking various languages, crowded...

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Chapter 4

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pp. 280-340

Kim Chŏng-ho’s Map of the Great Eastern Kingdom (Taedong yŏjido 大東輿 地圖) was the last geographical accomplishment in the history of Korean traditional science. Although it was an isolated achievement that did not continue into modern geography, it is without doubt a great Korean heritage. Th e geography summarized in Taedong yŏjido is, as Kim Chŏng-ho himself declared,...

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Chapter 5

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pp. 341-383

There are many ancient tombs remaining in the vast plain around T’onggu, the old capital of Koguryŏ, and in the vicinity of Pyŏngyang. Th is is the resting place where the spirit of the Koguryŏ people who roamed the vast northeastern area of China lies buried....

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Chapter 6

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pp. 384-425

Yi Ch’ŏn (李蕆, 1376–1451) was a scientist during King Sejong’s reign in the Chosŏn dynasty. He was born in 1376 (Koryŏ King Wu 2), the eldest son of the minister of the Ministry of War, Yi Song.
Aft er passing the military examinations in 1402 (Chosŏn King T’aejong 2), Yi Ch’ŏn began government service as a military offi cer. Displaying innate talent as...

Index

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pp. 426-433