In this Book

Tohopeka
summary
Tohopeka contains a variety of perspectives and uses a wide arrayof evidence and approaches, from scrutiny of cultural and religious practices to literary and linguistic analysis, to illuminate this troubled period.
 
Almost two hundred years ago, the territory that would become Alabama was both ancient homeland and new frontier where a complex network of allegiances and agendas was playing out. The fabric of that network stretched and frayed as the Creek Civil War of 1813−14 pitted a faction of the Creek nation known as Red Sticks against those Creeks who supported the Creek National Council.  The war began in July 1813, when Red Stick rebels were attacked near Burnt Corn Creek by Mississippi militia and settlers from the Tensaw area in a vain attempt to keep the Red Sticks’ ammunition from reaching the main body of disaffected warriors. A retaliatory strike against a fortified settlement owned by Samuel Mims, now called Fort Mims, was a Red Stick victory.  The brutality of the assault, in which 250 people were killed, outraged the American public and “Remember Fort Mims” became a national rallying cry.
 
During the American-British War of 1812, Americans quickly joined the war against the Red Sticks, turning the civil war into a military campaign designed to destroy Creek power. The battles of the Red Sticks have become part of Alabama and American legend and include the famous Canoe Fight, the Battle of Holy Ground, and most significantly, the Battle of Tohopeka (also known as Horseshoe Bend)—the final great battle of the war. There, an American army crushed Creek resistance and made a national hero of Andrew Jackson.
New attention to material culture and documentary and archaeological records fills in details, adds new information, and helps disabuse the reader of outdated interpretations.
 
Contributors
Susan M. Abram / Kathryn E. Holland Braund/ Robert P. Collins / Gregory Evans Dowd /
John E. Grenier / David S. Heidler / Jeanne T. Heidler / Ted Isham / Ove Jensen / Jay Lamar /
Tom Kanon / Marianne Mills / James W. Parker / Craig T. Sheldon Jr. / Robert G. Thrower / Gregory A. Waselkov

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Foreword A Deliberate Passion Creating and Commemorating the First National Park in Alabama
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. p. xvii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-9
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  1. 1. Causalities and Consequences of the Creek War: A Modern Creek Perspective
  2. pp. 10-29
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  1. 2. Thinking outside the Circle: Tecumseh’s 1811 Mission
  2. pp. 30-52
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  1. 3. “A Packet from Canada”: Telling Conspiracy Stories on the 1813 Creek Frontier
  2. pp. 53-83
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  1. 4. Red Sticks
  2. pp. 84-104
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  1. 5. Before Horseshoe: Andrew Jackson’s Campaigns in the Creek War Prior to Horseshoe Bend
  2. pp. 105-121
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  1. 6. Cherokees in the Creek War: A Band of Brothers
  2. pp. 122-145
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  1. 7. Horseshoe Bend: A Living Memorial
  2. pp. 146-157
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  1. 8. Fort Jackson and the Aftermath
  2. pp. 158-169
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  1. 10. “Where All Behave Well”: Fort Bowyer and the War on the Gulf,1814–1815
  2. pp. 182-199
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  1. 11. Archaeology, Geography, and the Creek War in Alabama
  2. pp. 200-231
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  1. 12. Digging Twice: Camps and Historical Sites Associated with the Warof 1812 and the Creek War of 1813–1814 - James W. Parker
  2. pp. 232-246
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  1. Afterword: The Western Muscogee (Creek) Perspective
  2. pp. 247-248
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  1. Appendix I: Current Preservation Status of Major Creek War / War of 1812 Sites in Alabama
  2. pp. 249-254
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  1. Appendix 2: Known and Potential Archaeological Sites in Alabama
  2. pp. 255-272
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 273-300
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 301-304
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 305-312
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