Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. v

Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

As a young child, I awaited my grandfather’s visits with a little anxiety. He was every bit the pünktlich German: rational, serious, bookish. Every morning he would leave for the university library, and every evening he would return with a stack of photocopies...

Part One: The Voice of Resistance

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pp. 1-84

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1. Introduction to Nitzotz

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pp. 3-14

The problem of representation during and after the Holocaust is a mainstay of Holocaust studies. There is a widespread sentiment among Holocaust scholars that critical reflection was impossible within the concentration camps...

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2. The Making of an Underground

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pp. 15-47

As a history, this introduction to Nitzotz is partial, fractured, and distorted. First and foremost, the discussion is limited by what survived the massive destruction of documents and human life. More generally, it seeks to distill to a handful the countless...

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3. Reading Nitzotz

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pp. 48-75

Nitzotz began as one of the many projects undertaken by the members of Irgun Brith Zion. In the ghetto, IBZ had organized youth programs on issues ranging from plant life to politics in order to solicit broad-based participation...

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4. Liberation and Legacy

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pp. 76-84

On May 9, 1945, four months after the final Allied assault on Germany, the war in Europe officially came to an end. For the survivors of the Nazi concentration camps, the long-awaited liberation was a complicated endeavor, logistically and psychologically...

Part Two: Nitzotz

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5. Nitzotz, Issue 3 (38) (1944)

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pp. 87-96

Dear brothers, At this very moment—while our fellow children of Israel are celebrating the holiday of our heroes, the Maccabees,1 who fought for the liberation of our homeland and our nation...

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6. Nitzotz, Issue 4 (39) (1945)

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pp. 97-106

Dear friends, In days of mourning, anguish, and torment we address you with great news: Our idea, the idea of unity, the banner that we carried in the underground and in our years of labor within the ghetto...

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7. Nitzotz, Issue 5 (40) (1945)

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pp. 107-125

Following an extended silence of almost half a year, the social interests among the survivors have revived. Just like three years ago in the ghetto, after the first stormy autumn and harsh winter had passed, now too social involvement increased...

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8. Nitzotz, Issue 6 (41) (1945)

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pp. 126-143

Lately, as the community in the camp has reawakened, discussions have centered on the future of our nation and the future of the Zionist movement. Articles have been published on this topic in Nitzotz. Differences of opinion regarding the future...

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9. Nitzotz, Issue 7 (42) (1945)

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pp. 144-151

If now, after five years of consistent Zionist work, we were to account for our most recent years, could we say that allowing for our extraordinary working conditions we have really done everything possible for the nation? We know that...

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Postscript

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pp. 152-153

The five issues of Nitzotz circulated in Dachau-Kaufering that appear in this volume are only a handful of the forty-two that were produced. The underground Zionist journal of which they were part, which began in opposition to the Soviet occupation...

Appendix

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pp. 157-160

Notes

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pp. 161-187

Bibliography

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pp. 189-194

Index

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pp. 195-201