Cover

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Contents

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p. vii

Acknowledgments

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p. ix

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

On September 11, 2001, nineteen Arab Muslim men hijacked four airplanes and flew them into two of the greatest icons of power in the United States—the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Nearly three thousand people were killed. In response, the U.S. government, under President George W. Bush, initiated the self-proclaimed War on Terror—a military, political, and legal campaign targeting Arabs...

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1 Challenging the Terrorist Stereotype

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pp. 18-46

In 2004 the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) accused the TV drama 24 of perpetuating stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims.1 CAIR objected to the persistent portrayal of Arabs and Muslims in the context of terrorism, stating that “repeated association of acts of terrorism with Islam will only serve to increase anti-Muslim...

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2 Mourning the Suspension of Arab American Civil Rights

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pp. 47-70

After 9/11 the news media and the public alike seemed eager to debate, and to disagree about, the manifold issues and anxieties unleashed by the terrorist attacks: whether the USA PATRIOT Act should be passed; whether Arabs and Muslims should be racially profiled, detained, and/or deported...

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3 Evoking Sympathy for the Muslim Woman

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pp. 71-99

It is not possible to write about representations of Arabs and Muslims since 9/11 without addressing the quandary of Arab and Muslim women. In innumerable ways, and from both ends of the ideological spectrum, these women have been represented as veiled, oppressed, and in need of rescue. The government...

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4 Regulating Sympathy for the Muslim Man

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pp. 100-131

After 9/11 there were many attempts by government officials, journalists, scholars, bloggers, and citizens to explain why the terrorist attacks happened. The explanations ranged from the one offered by President Bush that there is evil in the world that must be fought by the good and compassionate United States...

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5 Selling Muslim American Identity

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pp. 132-161

In the weeks after 9/11, patriotic advertising campaigns flooded highway billboards, radio, magazines, newspapers, and television. Many corporations directly or indirectly used the tragedy to market and sell their products. General Motors launched a campaign, “Keep America Rolling,” offering zero percent...

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Epilogue

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pp. 162-178

During the 2008 U.S. presidential campaign, right-wing activists accused Barack Obama of being a closet Muslim, a secret Muslim, and a sleeper cell agent.1 “Once a Muslim, always a Muslim,” declared the conservative political commentator Debbie Schlussel.2 The proof, critics claimed, was everywhere...

Notes

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pp. 179-204

Bibliography

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pp. 205-220

Index

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pp. 221-226

About the Author

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p. 227