In this Book

The Insight of Unbelievers

In the year 1309, Nicholas of Lyra, an important Franciscan Bible commentator, put forth a question at the University of Paris, asking whether it was possible to prove the advent of Christ from scriptures received by the Jews. This question reflects the challenges he faced as a Christian exegete determined to value Jewish literature during an era of increasing hostility toward Jews in western Europe. Nicholas's literal commentary on the Bible became one of the most widely copied and disseminated of all medieval Bible commentaries. Jewish commentary was, as a result, more widely read in Latin Christendom than ever before, while at the same moment Jews were being pushed farther and farther to the margins of European society. His writings depict Jews as stubborn unbelievers who also held indispensable keys to understanding Christian Scripture. In The Insight of Unbelievers, Deeana Copeland Klepper examines late medieval Christian use of the Hebrew Bible and Jewish interpretation of Scripture, focusing on Nicholas of Lyra as the most important mediator of Hebrew traditions.

Klepper highlights the important impact of both Jewish literature and Jewish unbelief on Nicholas of Lyra and on Christian culture more generally. By carefully examining the place of Hebrew and rabbinic traditions in the Christian study of the Bible, The Insight of Unbelievers elaborates in new ways on the relationship between Christian and Jewish scholarship and polemic in late medieval Europe.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. 1. Medieval Christian Use of Hebrew and Postbiblical Jewish Texts
  2. pp. 13-31
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  1. 2. Nicholas of Lyra, O.F.M.: Mediating Hebrew Traditions for a Christian Audience
  2. pp. 32-60
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  1. 3. The Challenge of Unbelief: Knowing Christian Truth Through Jewish Scripture
  2. pp. 61-81
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  1. 4. Wrestling with Rashi: Nicholas of Lyra’s Quodlibetal Questions and Anti-Jewish Polemic
  2. pp. 82-108
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  1. 5. Christian Ownership of Jewish Text: Nicholas of Lyra as an Alternative Jewish Authority
  2. pp. 109-134
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  1. Appendix: Manuscripts Consulted Containing Nicholas of Lyra’s Quaestio de adventu Christi
  2. pp. 135-142
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 143-196
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 197-216
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 217-222
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 223-225
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