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Tanzania in Transition
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This book is the first comprehensive contribution to understanding the character of important societal transitions in Tanzania during Benjamin Mkapa's presidency (1995- 2005). The analyses of the trajectory of these transitions are conducted against the background of the development model of Tanzanian's first president, Julius Nyerere (1961-1985), a model with lasting influence on the country. This approach enables an understanding of continuities and discontinuities in Tanzania over time in areas such as development strategy an ideology, agrarian-land, gender and forestry issues, economic liberalization, development assistance, corruption and political change. The period of Mkapa's presidency is particularly important because it represents the first phase of Tanzania's multi- party political system. Mkapa's government initially faced a gloomy economic situation. Although Mkapa's crusade against corruption lost direction, his presidency was characterised by relatively high growth rates and a stable macro-economy. Rural and agrarian transitions were dominated by diversification rather than productivity growth and transformation. Rural attitudes in favour of land markets emerged only slowly but formal land disputes showed more respect for women's rights. Some space emerged for widening local participation in forest management, but rural dynamics was mainly found in trading settlements feeding on economic liberalization and artisanal mining. The transitions documented and analysed of Mkapa's presidency, however, indicate only limited transformational change. Rural poverty is therefore likely to remain deep and the sustainability of economic development to be at risk in the future. Mkapa was, however, able to protect the legacy of peace and political stability of Nyerere, but there were nevertheless important challenges to the first multiparty elections and governance, and particularly in Zanzibar. The post- script (covering 2005 2010), indicates that the incumbent president, Jakaya Kikwete, has yet to prove that he can change this legacy of Mkapa. Co-published with the Nordic Africa Institute and the Sokoine University of Agriculture, the contributions to the eleven chapters of this book are evenly shared between Tanzanian, Nordic and other European researchers with a long-term commitment to Tanzanian development research. he book is dedicated to the youth of Tanzania.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Tables
  2. p. vii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. p. viii
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  1. List of Boxes and Annex/Appendices
  2. p. ix
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  1. Acronyms
  2. pp. x-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgements
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. CHAPTER ONE. TANZANIA IN TRANSITION – TO WHAT?
  2. pp. 1-18
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  1. CHAPTER TWO. A HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSING CURRENT TANZANIAN TRANSITIONS: THE POST-INDEPENDENCE MODEL, NYERERE’S IDEAS AND SOME INTERPRETATIONS
  2. pp. 19-55
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  1. CHAPTER THREE. THE NORWEGIAN-TANZANIAN AID RELATIONSHIP – A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
  2. pp. 57-70
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  1. CHAPTER FOUR. AGRARIAN FUNDAMENTALISM OR FORESIGHT REVISITING NYERERE’S VISION FOR RURAL TANZANIA
  2. pp. 71-98
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  1. CHAPTER FIVE. SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE IN TANZANIA – CAN ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION KEEP ITS PROMISES?
  2. pp. 99-130
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  1. CHAPTER SIX. GENDER DIMENSIONS OF LAND CONFLICTS: EXAMPLES FROM NJOMBE AND MASWA DISTRICTS IN TANZANIA
  2. pp. 131-157
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  1. CHAPTER SEVEN. DYNAMISM OF NATURAL RESOURCE POLICIES AND IMPACT ON FORESTRY IN TANZANIA
  2. pp. 159-177
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  1. CHAPTER EIGHT. TRENDS IN CORRUPTION DURING THE MKAPA ERA – WHO WANTS TO KNOW?
  2. pp. 179-206
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  1. CHAPTER NINE. CHANGING AID MODALITIES AND TANZANIAN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PARTNERSHIPS
  2. pp. 207-221
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  1. CHAPTER TEN. CHALLENGES TO THE DEMOCRATISATION PROCESS IN TANZANIA
  2. pp. 223-264
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  1. CHAPTER ELEVEN. POSTSCRIPT: TANZANIA IN TRANSITION - SUMMARY AND TRENDS 2005 – 2010
  2. pp. 265-277
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 279-281
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  1. Conference Participants
  2. pp. 283-284
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  1. Back Cover
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