Cover

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Title page

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Copyright page

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Dedication

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Contents

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Contributors

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Introduction: Questions of Method

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pp. xvii-xxxii

From the beginning, the principal reason for the organization of a series of methodological workshops for young researchers was the fact that no body of knowledge . . .

Part One - Social Reasons for Scientific Practice

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pp. 1-31

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1. Pragmatism as a Vision of the World and as a Method: A Philosophical Examination of the Challenges Presented to Contemporary Social Research by Subjective Idealism

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pp. 3-16

Carried along by the current wave of postmodernism, today, pragmatism dominates the entire social, economic and cultural field. With respect to epistemology, its world . . .

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2. The Alchemis and the Apprentice Myth-Hunter, Comments on Social Engineering in African Social Sciences

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pp. 17-35

Historians of science often emphasise the social conditions surrounding the appearance and acceptance of a particular reading of the world and the choice of techniques . . .

Part Two - Logics of Discovery

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3. An Introduction to the Epistemology of the Social Sciences

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pp. 39-76

Since their appearance in the 19th century, the social sciences have made undeniable progress, both from the point of view of knowledge that they provide us on . . .

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4. Reasons and Causes: Wittgenstein versus The Myth of Causal Explanation in the Social Sciences

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pp. 77-86

According to the normal way of looking at things, science is an activity with the objective of bringing to light the causes of phenomena. In this sense, a scientific . . .

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5. Scientific Logics and Methodologies

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pp. 87-100

Unfavorable prejudices with respect to logic have kept it at arms-length from methodological problems for some time. During the Renaissance, Montaigne accused . . .

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6. Construction of the Subject as a Practice of Clarification of Social Relationships

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pp. 101-123

Social sciences, Luc Van Campenhoudt teaches us, “are not defined by the phenomena that they study: the phenomena called “economic” by economists, the . . .

Part Three - Contextual Determinations

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7. Moroccan Sociology: Epistemological Preliminaries

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pp. 127-137

The researcher interested in sociology is, after a certain period of investigations and reflections, undeniably faced with a series of interrogations and questions of an . . .

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8. Autochthones Making their Realities Strange in Order to Better Understand Them

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pp. 139-146

In my paper titled “African(ized?) Gnosis as Sense-making?”, (Achieng’ 2005:54- 57) one cannot help noticing my heavy borrowing from already existing debates . . .

Part Four - Tools for Investigation

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9. Life History and the Writing of Ethnography: The Case of Morocco

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pp. 149-162

In this chapter, I will try to raise some questions about the complexity of collecting life histories and presenting them in ethnographic writing. I will try to show that . . .

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10. Audiovisual Instruments in Ethnographic Research

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pp. 163-172

In 1973, the most renowned researchers in Visual Anthropology met at the ninth International Congress of Anthropology and Sociology to discuss the role of film . . .

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11. Establishing an Observation, Producing a Discourse, Illustrating Results Possibilities for the Photographic Tool

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pp. 173-214

Starting from three concrete examples, we will underline several potentialities of the photographic tool for study in the social sciences.1 Various research experiences have . . .

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12. Comparison: A foundational Approach in the Social Sciences

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pp. 215-246

While comparative research is on the increase at the initiative of national and international organizations, we might be surprised at the relative lack of . . .

Part Five - Writing and Research

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13. Writing in the Social Sciences: From Field Notes to Scientific Reports

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pp. 249-272

The researcher in the social sciences never stops writing. To size up the activity of writing which continually accompanies research is to follow science to the place . . .

Back cover

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