Higher Education Financing in East and Southern Africa
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: African Books Collective
Special thanks are due also to Dr John Butler-Adam, Ford Foundation; the Centre for Higher Education Transformation (CHET), Cape Town; and the Sizanang Centre for Research and Development, Pretoria, which coordinated the research. ...
This multi-country study of higher education financing includes three East African states (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), five countries in southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia and South Africa), and an Indian Ocean island state (Mauritius). ...
At independence in 1966 and for many years afterwards, the lack of skilled and educated Batswana was one of the most significant constraints to development. At independence, there were few schools and educated Batswana as a result of the neglect of education by the colonial government. ...
The development of higher education in Kenya cannot be discussed in isolation from the history of Kenya, as it owes its origins to colonial efforts at establishing a common system of education for East Africa. These origins can be traced from 1921 with the opening of a technical school on Makerere Hill in Kampala, Uganda. ...
The Ministry of Education and Training (MoET) is responsible for the management, provision and regulation of education and training in Lesotho. The education sector consists of four years of pre-primary education (non-compulsory), seven years of primary education, five years of secondary education, and three to six years of tertiary education. ...
Mauritius is a small island state situated in the Indian Ocean at a distance of some 2 000 km from the east coast of Africa. Although the total land area is small (2 040 km2), its exclusive economic zone is quite vast, covering some 1 700 000 km2 of the Indian Ocean. In 2006 the population of Mauritius was estimated ...
The first higher education institution in Mozambique was created in 1962 by the Portuguese as a branch of the Portuguese universities with the aim of serving mainly the children of Portuguese settlers. This institution was named Estudos Gerais Universitários and was upgraded to a university, ...
Knowledge is a key engine for economic growth and social development. Namibia’s national development framework seeks to transform the country into a knowledge economy (ETSIP 2005). One key pillar of a knowledge economy is education and, more broadly, human capital. ...
8. South Africa
In the new democracy, South Africa’s racially-based higher education institutions were rationalised through a merger process into 23 non-racial universities. There are currently three categories of universities in the country: universities (those institutions that were defined as such during the apartheid period and remain so); ...
For the first seven years after independence in 1961, Tanzania retained the free market economy it inherited from colonial rule. However, a fundamental and radical shift in Tanzania’s development, economic and educational policies, including higher education financing policies, was made in 1967 through the Arusha Declaration, ...
Uganda’s higher education system has its origins in the early 1920s with the founding of Makerere as a technical college to serve students from the British East African territories of Kenya, Tanganyika and Uganda. From its inception, but more so after the Currie Report of 1933, the architects of higher education ...
11. Good Practices, Possible Lessons and Remaining Challenges
African higher education is characterised by extremely low participation rates. With the exception of Mauritius and South Africa, this is true also for the countries considered in this study. Moreover, three key determinants – gender, socio-economic status and region – act to skew the already low participation rates ...
About the Authors
Page Count: 246
Publication Year: 2010
OCLC Number: 743202263
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Higher Education Financing in East and Southern Africa