Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

The prevailing period of energy transition provides a myriad development opportunities for Africa. To capitalise on the opportunities presented, Africa needs to understand its strengths and capabilities of the role it is going to play in a global economy driven by renewable energy sources. Africa has the advantage of migrating to renewable...

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

The world’s energy consumption and demand is increasing exponentially. In 2007, the world consumed an estimated 18 trillion kWh of generated energy. By 2030, the demand for energy will have increased to 31 trillion kWh, of which an estimated 20 trillion will be generated from renewable sources. Of critical concern is that...

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Acknowledgements

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p. xi

This book came as a suggestion from Mr Jurgen Knop who suggested that there is a need to develop a route for Africa’s transition to renewable energy. His main observation was that Africa has the potential to lead the world in the production and supply of renewable energy...

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About the Editors

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p. xii

Dr Simelane holds a PhD in Biodiversity Management, and is currently finalising his doctorate in Technology in Industrial Engineering – specialising in complex systems analysis. He is currently head of the Science and Technology Unit at the Africa Institute of South Africa. He is a member of the Standing Advisory Committee on...

About the Contributors

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pp. xiii-xiv

Abbreviations and Acronyms

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pp. xv-xviii

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Introduction

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pp. xix-xxiv

Whereas the world has generally progressed rapidly in migrating to renewable energy sources, Africa appears to be lagging behind.¹ The reasons for this include insufficient investment, technological barriers, a lack of political will and incorrect policy options.² All these exist despite the fact that Africa is naturally endowed with various...

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1. Energy revolution in Africa and its future potential in supplying energy to the world

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pp. 1-20

The transition to renewable energy is inevitable. Emerging trends have shown the growing need to use the resources we have in abundance, through clean technology, safe nuclear power, sustainably grown biofuels and the energy we harness from wind, water and the sun. Africa has tremendous untapped renewable energy...

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2. Africa’s nuclear power potential. Its rise, recession, opportunities and constraints

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pp. 21-54

Africa’s lack of capacity to benefit from its vast uranium resources is usually attributed to regional poverty and the fact that providing nuclear power is extremely expensive.¹ However, a closer examination of Africa’s human development reveals considerable social and economic dynamics that relentlessly undermine the...

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3. State of energy infrastructure in Africa. How much investment is needed to migrate to renewable energy?

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pp. 55-100

Africa is the second largest continent with an area of 30 million km2, representing 15 per cent of the Earth’s area, 2 per cent of its industrial capacity, 15 per cent of its average per capita income, and 3 per cent of its energy consumption.¹ As of 2006, less than 15 per cent of Africa’s population had access to electricity, which, in...

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4. Human capital requirements for sustainable renewable energy production

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pp. 101-122

Human resource development (HRD) refers to both formal and informal activities that will enhance the ability of individuals to reach their full potential in a particular discipline. By enhancing the skills, knowledge and abilities of individuals, HRD will improve the productivity of people in their areas of expertise – whether these are...

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5. Investment requirements for Africa to lead in renewable energy production and distribution

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pp. 123-142

Africa possesses significant renewable energy potential. The challenge is how to provide financing frameworks that enable exploitation of these resources in an economical, social and sustainable manner. Renewable technologies have high upfront costs compared to conventional energy technologies. Consequently, renewable energy...

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6. Africa’s technology options for renewable energy production and distribution

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pp. 143-171

Energy is a key driver of economic and social development. Modern energy sources light homes, schools, hospitals, businesses and streets. They also help to irrigate crops, preserve and cook food, power industries and commerce and they further enable us to communicate and generally reduce the burden of everyday...

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7. Conclusion and Recommendations

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pp. 173-174

It appears as if a new scramble for Africa has begun. This time it is not for its mineral resources but for its sun, wind and fertile land. Unfortunately, despite all its natural wealth, Africa still lags behind in developing and accessing clean renewable energy. The continent still relies on biomass for its energy. This source of...

Back Cover

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