Cover

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Title page

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Copyright page

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Contents

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Acronyms and Abbreviations

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

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p. 1

Idasa developed the Democracy Index to assess the depth of democracy in South Africa. In its initial iteration, designed by Robert Mattes and Richard Calland, the Index comprised 150 questions. These were honed to a list of 100 questions in 2005 and the same questions were used for Idasa’s most recent South Africa Democracy Index in 2010. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 2-13

This Introduction has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democracy. It goes on to demonstrate that Botswana is actually a minimalist democracy: a system that does as little as possible to engender participation, transparency, access to social support, accountability and human rights, among other things. It then notes emerging calls for change based on persistent signs of disagreement ...

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THE INDEX. 100 QUESTIONS CONTEXTUALISING BOTSWANA’S DEMOCRACY

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pp. 14-23

Though hailed as one of the oldest democracies in Africa, Botswana still needs to strengthen its democratic dispensation, specifically to ensure that it has an active citizenry. Education and engagement in political life are two ways in which that can be achieved. In this volume, Moatlhaping and Moletsane assess participation in terms of nationhood, participation and involvement, government legitimacy, citizenship obligations and duties, as well as tolerance. ...

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SECTION ONE - PARTICIPATION AND DEMOCRACY

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pp. 24-33

This section addresses participation and democracy in Botswana. In an effort to unravel the relationship between the two, it focuses on five elements: nationhood; participation and involvement; government legitimacy; citizenship obligations and duties; and tolerance. ...

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SECTION TWO - ELECTIONS AND DEMOCRACY

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pp. 34-52

In any democracy, elections are mechanisms through which citizens participate directly in the political process and elect their fellow citizens into office for restricted periods of time (Democracy Research Project 2002:76). While such fair political competition is the hallmark of liberal democratic practice, democracy is not only about holding free and fair elections, but also about having a fair electoral system in place. When Botswana gained ...

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SECTION THREE - ACCOUNTABILITY AND DEMOCRACY

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pp. 53-64

Accountability is one of the key tenets of democracy and operates on two levels: the political and the administrative. Accountability comports with democracy in the sense that the governed need to know what is done in their name. In addition, it is a key requirement of good governance (Corkery 1999; Kaul 2000; UNESCAP 2010). Hence, accountability should enhance democracy and good governance. ...

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SECTION FOUR - POLITICAL FREEDOMS AND DEMOCRACY

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pp. 65-82

Botswana is one of the most politically stable countries in Africa. On gaining independence in 1966, the country immediately adopted the multiparty system, against the trend of one-party States prevailing across the continent. ...

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SECTION FIVE - HUMAN DIGNITY AND DEMOCRACY

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pp. 83-99

‘Democracy’ is generally defined as a form of government in which all adult citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. A basic feature of democracy is the capacity of individuals to participate freely and fully in the life of their society. In order to apply the twofold test of democracy – ‘firstly, do the people rule, and secondly, do the people rule ...

BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

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pp. 100-101

REFERENCES

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pp. 102-110

Back Cover

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