In this Book

Blacklegs, Card Sharps, and Confidence Men
summary
In 1836 Benjamin Drake, a midwestern writer of popular sketches for newspapers of the day, introduced his readers to a new and distinctly American rascal who rode the steamboats up and down the Mississippi and other western waterways—the riverboat gambler. These men, he recorded, “dress with taste and elegance; carry gold chronometers in their pockets; and swear with the most genteel precision. . . . Every where throughout the valley, these mistletoe gentry are called by the original, if not altogether classic, cognomen of ‘Black-legs.’” In Blacklegs, Card Sharps, and Confidence Men, Thomas Ruys Smith collects nineteenth-century stories, sketches, and book excerpts by a gallery of authors to create a comprehensive collection of writings about the riverboat gambler. Long an iconic figure in American myth and popular culture but, strangely, one that has never until now received a book-length treatment, the Mississippi River gambler was a favorite character throughout the nineteenth century—one often rich with moral ambiguities that remain unresolved to this day. In the absorbing fictional and nonfictional accounts of high stakes and sudden reversals of fortune found in the pages of Smith’s book, the voices of canonized writers such as William Dean Howells, Herman Melville, and, of course, Mark Twain hold prominent positions. But they mingle seamlessly with lesser-known pieces such as an excerpt from Edward Willett’s sensationalistic dime novel Flush Fred’s Full Hand, raucous sketches by anonymous Old Southwestern humorists from the Spirit of the Times, and colorful accounts by now nearly forgotten authors such as Daniel R. Hundley and George W. Featherstonhaugh. Smith puts the twenty-eight selections in perspective with an Introduction that thoroughly explores the history and myth surrounding this endlessly fascinating American cultural icon. While the riverboat gambler may no longer ply his trade along the Mississippi, Blacklegs, Card Sharps, and Confidence Men makes clear the ways in which he still operates quite successfully in the American imagination.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Introduction: The Many Lives of the Mississippi Gambler
  2. pp. 1-24
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  1. Prologue
  2. p. 25
  1. From Social Relations in Our Southern States
  2. pp. 27-30
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  1. Early Days
  2. p. 31
  1. The Vicksburg Tragedy
  2. pp. 33-37
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  1. From Col. Crockett’s Exploits and Adventures in Texas
  2. pp. 38-49
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  1. Putting a Black-Leg on Shore
  2. pp. 50-56
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  1. From Richard Hurdis; or, The Avenger of Blood
  2. pp. 57-65
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  1. Antebellum (Mis)Adventures:
  2. p. 67
  1. From Excursion Through the Slave States
  2. pp. 69-74
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  1. Sketches from the Spirit of the Times
  2. pp. 75-82
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  1. The Bivouac; or, A Night at the Mouth of the Ohio, A Sketch of Western Voyaging
  2. pp. 83-90
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  1. Taking Good Advice
  2. pp. 91-94
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  1. From Zilla Fitz James, The Female Bandit of the South-West
  2. pp. 95-106
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  1. Turning the Tables
  2. p. 107
  1. Breaking a Bank
  2. pp. 109-112
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  1. Dialogue Between a Gambler and a Travelling Agent
  2. pp. 113-118
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  1. How Dodge “Dodged” the Sharpers
  2. pp. 119-129
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  1. The Gamblers Outwitted
  2. pp. 130-135
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  1. From The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade
  2. pp. 136-141
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  1. Gamblers and Slaves
  2. p. 143
  1. From Clotel; or, The President’s Daughter
  2. pp. 145-147
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  1. From Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb
  2. pp. 148-152
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  1. From The White Slave; or, Memoirs of a Fugitive
  2. pp. 153-165
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  1. From Hatchie, The Guardian Slave; or, The Heiress of Bellevue
  2. pp. 166-171
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  1. The Pilot’s Story
  2. pp. 172-176
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  1. Gilded Age Memories
  2. p. 177
  1. From The End of the World: A Love Story
  2. pp. 179-190
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  1. From Wanderings of a Vagabond: An Autobiography
  2. pp. 191-204
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  1. The Professor’s Yarn
  2. pp. 205-210
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  1. From Old Times on the Upper Mississippi
  2. pp. 211-214
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  1. From Flush Fred’s Full Hand; or, Life and Strife in Louisiana
  2. pp. 215-223
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  1. From Forty Years a Gambler on the Mississippi
  2. pp. 224-237
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  1. Three Portraits of “Canada” Bill Jones
  2. pp. 238-249
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  1. Epilogue
  2. p. 251
  1. From Poker Stories
  2. pp. 253-264
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  1. Works Cited
  2. pp. 265-271
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